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When Should I Expect My Child to Start Using Gestures?
When Should I Expect My Child to Start…

Children can begin to use gestures as early as 8 or 9 months of age. Here are some important milestones in the development of gestures [1,2]: At approximately 10 months, children begin to draw attention or point to objects or events – first children learn to show (by holding up an object), then give (by…

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How Can Hearing Impairment Affect Language Development?
How Can Hearing Impairment Affect Language…

There are over 45,000 children in the UK who are deaf and many more who experience some form of hearing loss, whether permanent or temporary. It is also estimated that 1 in 1000 children are born either severely or profoundly deaf. With this number of children already being affected by hearing loss, it is important to look at how…

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Bad Technique and Vocal Injury
Bad Technique and Vocal Injury

There is nothing more stressful for a professional voice user than to be diagnosed with a vocal injury. There is a large range of emotions that come with a diagnosis: Sadness about the injury Stress about meeting obligations (financial, performance, etc) Fear that their voice will never be the same again Self-doubt that something…

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Allergies and the Voice
Allergies and the Voice

Most people associate allergies with the classic symptoms seen on commercials: itchy, watery eyes; runny nose; and sneezing. However, far more often, allergies present subtly, and in a way that is quite sinister when it comes to voice: postnasal drip. What is postnasal drip? Postnasal drip is the term for mucous that drips down…

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Dysfluent speech and autism spectrum disorder
Dysfluent speech and autism spectrum…

Autism is not a disease. It simply means that the person’s brain functions differently from the majority of the people. It is a spectrum disorder, which is a developmental disorder. Children and adults with autism spectrum disorder can show a variety of signs and symptoms that are atypical. They primarily exhibit deficits in areas…

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Changing the perception about stuttering: 5 tips for talking to someone who stutters
Changing the perception about stuttering:…

People who stutter are often perceived as less intelligent by the ones who have never experienced speech dysfluencies. It is far from the truth. Some of the most successful entrepreneurs, scientists and researchers, doctors and speech therapists, teachers and professors, actors and singers stutter when they speak. It is time for…

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Is stuttering neurological?
Is stuttering neurological?

One of the more common questions I receive from clinicians and parents is simply this: “Is stuttering neurological?” Answering this question directly and clearly is important, not only because it is valuable for people to have an accurate understanding of what stuttering is (and what it is not) but also because we want…

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Channel your Emotions to Reduce your Stutter
Channel your Emotions to Reduce your…

People who stutter can be highly successful in their jobs and in their lives. We have met with professors, researchers and academicians, who still struggle with stuttering. We know about actors, directors, poets, authors, entrepreneurs and politicians who have speech dysfluencies. Do you believe it was always easy for these highly…

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Regaining language skills after a stroke: Will speech therapy help?
Regaining language skills after a stroke:…

Approximately one third of people who have a stroke develop aphasia: difficulties with language and communication that can include speaking, understanding, reading and writing. Speech language therapy can help speed up the process of recovery. ‘Higher intensity’ speech language therapy (more and longer sessions) are…

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Encouraging Emerging Language and Receptive Vocabulary
Encouraging Emerging Language and Receptive…

Language development varies from child to child, and there are wide ranges of expected “normal” language development in young children. If you have specific concerns about the pace of your child’s language development, you should definitely discuss this with your health care professional. However, for reference sake, by the…

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Building Vocabulary
Building Vocabulary

Building Expressive Vocabulary This is the step where your child learns to actually say the words out loud. All of the tasks we just described in the previous Autism and Language article come into play when building your child’s expressive vocabulary. Picture cards are a useful tool again, because it just isn’t feasible to bring…

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From Basic Vocabulary to Building Sentences
From Basic Vocabulary to Building Sentences

The most popular use of the Language Builder Picture Card Series is to build vocabulary. The realistic and current photos help students to learn the name of various nouns, occupations, and emotions. In the beginning, this task can be very repetitive and basic, focusing only on learning single-word responses. When a child…

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Language Milestones
Language Milestones

How many professionals have been asked:  “How do I know if my child is behind in language development?” How many parents have asked the question, or at least wondered to themselves? Language development varies from child to child, and there are wide ranges of expected “normal” language development in…

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Using Picture Cards to Aid Speech
Using Picture Cards to Aid Speech

A common challenge for children and adults with autism is their ability to communicate. Many a parent and therapist will tell you that Picture Cards are one of the best tools to aid in communication with individuals with autism, whether the individual is verbal or non verbal. Many people with autism tend to be visual learners.…

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Labeling and Requesting
Labeling and Requesting

Additional Activities to Develop Sentence Skills Labeling and Requesting are the most basic of all full sentence activities, and provide a basis for your student to understand that communication requires more than single word utterances. The following list of activities offers just a few examples of the many lessons…

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4 Reasons to Rhyme with Your Child
4 Reasons to Rhyme with Your Child

Singing Twinkle Twinkle Little Star or Row, Row, Row Your Boat is a great way to keep your toddler occupied on a car ride. Turns out, these classic nursery rhymes aren’t just a way to pass the time – they also drive speech and language development, improve memory, contribute to early literacy, and much more.…

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The Evidence Is In — One Size Does Not Fit All
The Evidence Is In — One Size Does…

The effectiveness of  treatment for young children who stutter is very difficult to assess.   Like all medical conditions, more than one effective approach must be documented since no single treatment is likely to work for all children. The RESTART trial1 is the only head to head study so far, comparing two treatments…

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MY CHILD THROWS TEMPER TANTRUMS
MY CHILD THROWS TEMPER TANTRUMS

TODDLER TANTRUMS AND CHILDHOOD MELTDOWNS Screams, tears, slamming doors, thrashing on the floor of the supermarket, or clinging to the slide when it is time the leave the park… Toddler tantrums, temper tantrums, hissy fits and childhood meltdowns can be unexpected and happen for many different reasons. At home a tantrum can be…

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10 Tips for Teaching Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
10 Tips for Teaching Young Children…

All children have unique learning needs, but children with Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD require a little extra guidance and support. Whether you’re a parent or teacher, it’s essential to understand what a child with autism needs and how you can help them learn better.   These 10 tips will help you get started: 1. Create…

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“VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients Learn to Swallow
“VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients…

AT Home Care is One of Only Five Home Health Nursing Agencies to Offer “VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients Learn to Swallow  More than 15 million Americans have moderate to severe difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). In over 50% of the cases, dysphagia is a result of strokes or radiation treatments to treat throat…

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What is VitalStim Therapy?
What is VitalStim Therapy?

VitalStim Therapy is a non-invasive therapy that uses an electrical current to stimulate the muscles responsible for swallowing. It is the only FDA-cleared device for treatment of dysphagia (swallowing difficulty). Children’s speech-language pathologists and occupational therapists have been providing VitalStim during feeding…

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Swallowing and Feeding Disorders
Swallowing and Feeding Disorders

When your baby was born, you likely counted all his toes and fed him shortly after birth. Breastfeeding might take a little trial and error at first, but what if your baby has trouble feeding? Children with feeding and swallowing disorders can display a wide range of symptoms. Children who cannot consume food adequately are at risk…

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ORAL MOTOR FUNCTIONING
ORAL MOTOR FUNCTIONING

Oral - motor functioning is the area of assessment which looks at normal and abnormal patterns of the lips, tongue, jaw, cheeks, hard palate and soft palate for eating, drinking, facial expression and speech to determine which functional skills a client has to build on, and which abnormal…

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How Storytelling Supports Language Development
How Storytelling Supports Language…

Don’t you love getting lost in a story? Imagining a different world and following a character’s journey can be exhilarating at any age. Of course, reading a story and storytelling aren’t exactly the same. When you tell a story, you’re actively engaging with a listener and using different tones and gestures…

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What Is Autism?
What Is Autism?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 54 children in the United States today.   We…

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DANGER ZONE: TODDLER BEDTIME PROBLEMS
DANGER ZONE: TODDLER BEDTIME PROBLEMS

The clock continues to tick: past 8pm, past 9pm. Your toddler keeps getting out of bed—or is still up. "I'm not tired,” “I’m thirsty” and “I’m hungry” are arguments you are all too familiar with. When your child or toddler won't go to bed or won't go to sleep, it can be upsetting for everyone in the family. So if…

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WHEN CHILDREN DON'T LISTEN
WHEN CHILDREN DON'T LISTEN

You say it once…twice…three times…maybe even more! As you get more annoyed you get louder, then, before you know it you are yelling! Only then does your child finally follow your instruction, reluctantly doing as he is told—or even starts yelling back. So if you are wondering how to get a toddler to listen, and…

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Language Development In Children  Continue reading at https://childdevelopmentinfo.com/child-development/language_development/#g
Language Development In Children Continue…

Language and communication skills are critical to a child’s development. Good communication makes them better able to engage in socialization as well as learn from formal classroom instruction and the environment around them. Communication involves both speech and language. Speech is the verbal means of communication, and language…

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Recognize the Risk Factors for Stuttering
Recognize the Risk Factors for Stuttering

Certain factors may place some children more at risk for stuttering.   “Knowing these factors will help you decide whether or not your child needs to see a speech-language pathologist,” says Jane Fraser, president of the Stuttering Foundation.    The following risk factors will help parents decide.  …

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Factors Affecting Language Development in Children
Factors Affecting Language Development…

Shyness slows language development. Temperament differs. Shy children have significantly slower development of expressive and receptive language.   Shyness limits vocabulary and other language skills development. The reticent nature of shy children also limits their participation in social interactions and…

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Children with Hearing Loss and Theory of Mind Development
Children with Hearing Loss and Theory…

Keeping secrets. Sharing a joke. Playing make-believe. What do all of these behaviors have in common? Theory of Mind. Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to share another person’s perspective. When children have a fully developed ToM, they can judge what others think, feel or believe and act accordingly.   Although it was…

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Dysphagia: Why Difficulty Swallowing is a Serious Red Flag in Anorexia Nervosa
Dysphagia: Why Difficulty Swallowing…

When patients have lost a lot of weight, or are quite underweight, they may experience difficulty swallowing. It might be that dry foods feel like they get stuck in your throat, or that you’ve naturally moved toward moister foods because they’re easier to get down. It might be that you’ve found yourself coughing after drinking…

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Understanding Integration in Concept Development
Understanding Integration in Concept…

One of the more difficult CLASS™ indicators to identify and measure is integration-connecting concepts together and connecting them to previously learned concepts. When assessing this indicator, I ask myself, "Did the teacher ask or state explicitly how two ideas are related?" Two examples of this are:     "The…

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Three Keys to Helping Your Child Learn Language
Three Keys to Helping Your Child Learn…

As a parent, there are many things you can do to help your child learn to talk. If you search the internet, you’ll find suggestions about reading to your child, teaching him songs and nursery rhymes, and playing imaginatively together. These are wonderful activities, but when it comes to learning language, it’s not just about…

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What are the signs of anxiety disorder?
What are the signs of anxiety disorder?

What are the signs of anxiety disorder? If I go to this interview, I might do something wrong and make a fool of myself. I did not hear from any of the family members. What if something happened? What if he had an accident? If I don't go I'll worry even more. What if I have a panic attack, I could die I better think about what could…

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Living with Esophageal Achalasia
Living with Esophageal Achalasia

Ideally, every time you swallow, food and liquid go down your esophagus, the long tube that leads to your stomach.    The muscles of the esophagus move the food downward, and when it reaches the bottom of the tube, it meets a sphincter, which is normally in the closed position to prevent stomach acid from bubbling back…

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Speech Therapy and Difficulty Swallowing: Causes and Symptoms
Speech Therapy and Difficulty Swallowing:…

When people think about speech therapy, they may think it's related to speech, phonation, articulation, or even cognition and voice. So how about swallowing it? As speech and language therapists, we not only address the issue of swallowing, but we actually deal with a large focus of what we do every day, depending on swallowing…

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Nasal Speaking: What Parents Need to Know
Nasal Speaking: What Parents Need to…

When we speak, air comes up from our lungs, through our voice box, and enters our mouth and nose to produce the resulting sound quality called resonance.   We’ve all experienced an abnormally “nasal” sound to our voice when we have nasal congestion or large tonsils and adenoids. This is called hyponasal speech (too…

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What is Voice Therapy?
What is Voice Therapy?

Our voice is our primary tool when communicating who we are and our sense of self.   Voice therapy is not just for singers. We understand that it can be frustrating when your voice doesn't reflect your best self. Through voice therapy, we can help you to improve your vocal quality (raspiness, breathiness, etc.), resonance,…

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Do gestures boost language development in children?
Do gestures boost language development…

When your child points or holds their arms out to be picked up, these gestures are the important beginnings of language development. “Gestures are a significant step as a child begins to interact and communicate with others,” notes Kristi Keele, Pediatric Speech Language Pathologist at teli. “There is a strong link between…

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Go Play! The Importance of Symbolic Play in Early Childhood
Go Play! The Importance of Symbolic…

Most adults think of toy play as a natural part of childhood.  When my daughter was born, we were showered with plush animals, tea sets, and dress up clothes for her to use in play.  But what happens when the child does not find toy play to be natural?   Many children on the autism spectrum use toys non-functionally…

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How eye contact helps babies develop language skills
How eye contact helps babies develop…

Way before kids learn to talk, they learn about nonverbal communication. Babies pick up on how our bodies help us communicate through everything from being held to a calming hand placed on their back. A recent study found that babies who use eye contact to communicate with their caregivers showed increased language development.…

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Tips for Good Vocal Hygiene
Tips for Good Vocal Hygiene

Does your child have a raspy, hoarse voice? Excessive talking, screaming, and yelling are just a few of the behaviors that may lead to hoarseness. Here are some tips for good vocal hygiene!     Noisy Environments   •Encourage your child to face the person he/she is speaking to •Have your child over articulate…

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Does screen time affect children’s language skills?
Does screen time affect children’s…

When working in schools, I was often asked about the impact of screen time on children’s language and communication skills. There would frequently be concerns raised about the amount of time children spent in front of screens outside of school and the perceived impact that this was having on their ability to focus and attend to…

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What is a language delay?
What is a language delay?

A language delay is when a child has difficulties understanding and/or using spoken language. These difficulties are unusual for the child’s age.   The difficulties might be with:   saying first words or learning words putting words together to make sentences building vocabulary understanding words or sentences.  …

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WHAT IS EVT – ESTILL VOICE TRAINING:
WHAT IS EVT – ESTILL VOICE TRAINING:

EVT – Estill Voice Training ™ (known in some countries also as “Estill voicecraft”) is a system of voice training that focuses on control of voice, separating it from the study of the musical and artistic aspects of the performance, in order to work more effectively on each of these two aspects with no confusion.  …

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Voice Therapy inspired by Estill Voice Training
Voice Therapy inspired by Estill Voice…

Speech Therapy comprises a professional area so wide it’s almost impossible to concentrate on all of its extensions. Each patient presents a specific case with particular characteristics. They can have speech, language, and swallowing difficulties… and speech therapy has to be able to attend those necessities, whichever those…

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Talking Readiness (Pre-Language Skills)
Talking Readiness (Pre-Language Skills)

As soon as a child is born they are learning and developing pre-language or non-verbal skills which will support later language learning. Pre-language skills are the ways in which we communicate without using words and include things such as gestures, facial expressions, imitation, joint attention and eye-contact. These are the…

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Down Syndrome
Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a developmental difficulty due to a chromosomal error (or a problem with genes). All children with Down Syndrome have some degree of learning disability and develop skills at a slower rate to other children. Delays in language based and learning milestones are evident around their first birthday.     Symptoms…

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Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy

Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCI) is a combined indirect and direct treatment approach for young children who stutter (aged seven years and under) and their families. This approach helps parents identify what they are already doing that supports their child’s fluency. It aims to increase the parents’ confidence and…

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What Is Autism?
What Is Autism?

First we need to look at how “autism” was created. We could look at the early work around autism and say that they discovered a condition and named it autism. Or we could say that they made up a condition to explain human differences that they noted but did not fully understand.    I will go with the latter. Autism…

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What is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy?
What is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy?

PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY (PCIT) IS AN EVIDENCE-BASED INTERVENTION DEVELOPED BY SHEILA EYEBERG TO TREAT YOUNG CHILDREN WITH DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS. PCIT WORKS TO STRENGTHEN THE PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP AND TEACHES EFFECTIVE PARENTING STRATEGIES THROUGH LIVE PARENT COACHING. PCIT IS CONDUCTED THROUGH LIVE COACHING SESSIONS…

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The Importance of Imitation
The Importance of Imitation

Imitation is a big part of childhood. At every stage we learn by watching, listening and doing, playing hours of repetitive games, repeating countless jokes to each other and mimicking the words to songs, to name only a few ways that we imitate. We learn social rules by imitation, studying facial expressions and body language and,…

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Pediatric Feeding Evaluations, What to Expect
Pediatric Feeding Evaluations, What…

Many people believe that the role of a speech-language pathologist’s (SLP) is limited to speech and language, however, we have a list of responsibilities including pediatric feeding evaluations. SLPs are experts in the oral mechanism all the way down to the esophagus, allowing them to support individuals with feeding and…

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ABA and Speech Therapy: Comparing Two Therapeutic Concepts
ABA and Speech Therapy: Comparing Two…

ABA is a form of therapy that focuses on the study of human behavior. It’s commonly used to treat autism spectrum disorders and developmental disorders in children, but it can also be used to cultivate a range of motor, social, and learning skills for people of all ages.   Assessment of behavior in ABA is broken down into…

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Shareable Strategies for Working With Preschool Children With DLD
Shareable Strategies for Working With…

Preschool children seem to learn best when given routine and consistency. Children with a diagnosis of developmental language delay (DLD) are no exception, and may even need the routine and consistency more than their peers. Collaboration among all adults who interact with any child, but especially a child with DLD, helps create…

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Joint Attention: A Foundation for Language Development
Joint Attention: A Foundation for Language…

What is Joint Attention? Joint attention is the act of a person sharing attention with another person towards a given object or event, and there is understanding between the two people that they are both interested in the same object or event. In order for an individual to demonstrate joint attention, he/she must be able to…

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Voice Disorders
Voice Disorders

A voice disorder can be defined as a problem involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx, more commonly known as the voice box. Almost every disorder may present in more than one symptom and one cannot associate one single symptom with one specific voice disorder. For example, hoarseness, increased…

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Taking Care of Your Voice
Taking Care of Your Voice

The sound of your voice is produced by vibration of the vocal folds, which are two bands of smooth muscle tissue that are positioned opposite each other in the larynx. The larynx is located between the base of the tongue and the top of the trachea, which is the passageway to the lungs (see figure).   When you are not speaking,…

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What is the Reggio Emilia philosophy?
What is the Reggio Emilia philosophy?

The Reggio Emilia Philosophy is an innovative and inspiring approach to early childhood education, which values the child as strong, capable and resilient; rich with wonder and knowledge. The Philosophy rides on the coattails of the innate curiosity of children and aims to assist them with understanding their world and who they…

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Research shows how gaming can support language learning
Research shows how gaming can support…

Both academics and teachers have been writing about the benefits of using games in the language classroom for many years. Wright et al (1984), Lee Su Kim (1995), Ubermann (1998), Ersoz (2000), Yong Mei and Yu-Jin (2000), Thi Thanh Huyen and Khuat Thi Thu Nga (2003) are all pretty much agreed that games: provide a useful and meaningful…

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Parent-Child Relationship – Why it’s Important
Parent-Child Relationship – Why it’s…

Parenting is the most fulfilling job that we will ever have, but it’s not without it’s challenges. Modern family life can be stressful and with various pressures on families it’s not always easy. Ultimately, parents want what is best for their child and a strong parent-child relationship can help lead to better outcomes for…

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BRAIN DEVELOPMENT WHILE LANGUAGE LEARNING
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT WHILE LANGUAGE LEARNING

There are tons of benefits to learning a new language. Languages are open doors to different cultures, and allow us to connect with different people from all over the world. But learning a new language is about so much more than just having a basic conversation or being familiar with different words and concepts.   Studies…

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Dyslexia
Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects people’s reading, writing and spelling ability despite normal intelligence levels. With the proper support and guidance learning differences like dyslexia can be managed quite effectively allowing your child to overcome the difficulties they may be facing because of their condition.…

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How to Practice Mindfulness
How to Practice Mindfulness

Living with aphasia after a stroke or brain injury can be stressful and anxiety inducing for both the survivor as well as his or her family members. There’s no doubt that for many, those feelings have only been intensified by the ongoing global pandemic. If you are among those struggling with these emotions during these trying…

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What is Diabetes?
What is Diabetes?

Diabetes can strike anyone, from any walk of life. And it does – in numbers that are dramatically increasing. Today, more than 30 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes. Worldwide, more than 422 million people have diabetes.     So just what is diabetes?    Diabetes is a serious condition…

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Speech Disorders in Children: What to Do About Dysarthria
Speech Disorders in Children: What…

As a parent, you do whatever you can think of to keep your child safe. You make sure he rides his tricycle with a helmet, you strap him snugly into his car seat, and you even have your mechanic check out every unusual noise to make sure the car is safe. But accidents have a way of happening even when you take every safety precaution.…

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The Impact Of Speech On Social And Emotional Development
The Impact Of Speech On Social And…

  Social   It can be easy to miss speech and language problems in a very young child, but it is also possible to spot potential problems if you know what to look for. Between 6 & 18 months, your child should be intentionally interacting with others, gaining a greater understanding of words (like “bottle”, or “mama”),…

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Speech Difficulties After A Traumatic Brain Injury
Speech Difficulties After A Traumatic…

A traumatic brain injury occurs when an external force causes damage to the brain. Such an injury can affect an individual in a wide variety of ways, such as short-term memory loss, or difficulty comprehending situations. One of the more disruptive ways it can affect a person’s life is by causing difficulties in speech and communication.…

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Difficulty speaking (dysarthria)
Difficulty speaking (dysarthria)

Dysarthria is difficulty speaking caused by problems with the muscles used in speech.   When it occurs in children it's usually the result of brain changes before or during birth and is known as developmental dysarthria.   Dysarthria can also develop later in life as a result of a head injury or a medical condition…

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Selective Mutism
Selective Mutism

Select mutism is an anxiety disorder that affects a child’s ability to to speak and communicate in social situations like school, playdates, or family gatherings. There are no physical causes of select mutism, and children who suffer from it are perfectly capable of speaking and communicating when they are in a safe, relaxed environment.…

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Early Brain Development and Health
Early Brain Development and Health

The early years of a child’s life are very important for later health and development. One of the main reasons is how fast the brain grows starting before birth and continuing into early childhood. Although the brain continues to develop and change into adulthood, the first 8 years can build a foundation for future learning,…

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BILINGUALISM HELPS APHASIA SUFFERERS RELEARN PRIMARY LANGUAGE
BILINGUALISM HELPS APHASIA SUFFERERS…

Researchers have found that when a person who speaks two languages experiences brain damage leading to a language condition called aphasia, the second, less dominant language can be used to transfer knowledge to the primary one, helping with rehabilitation.   The National Aphasia Association defines aphasia as "an…

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Don’t just tell parents to “wait and see what happens!”
Don’t just tell parents to “wait…

A mother posted a question to a group recently about her 3-year-old child’s stuttering. Response after response encouraged her to just wait it out because “lots of children stutter, then they outgrow it.” Other respondents shared stories of their own children who stuttered and then recovered. Still others admonished the parent…

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Voice Pain and Muscle Tension Dysphonia
Voice Pain and Muscle Tension Dysphonia

Question: I am a trained singer and have never had a voice problem. However, ever since having a cold a few weeks ago, it hurts when I sing or speak. I have tried to go on vocal rest and this helps for a short time. But when I use my voice, it hurts again. What is wrong and what can I do?   Discussion:   Often after…

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BROCA’S APHASIA
BROCA’S APHASIA

Individuals with Broca’s aphasia have trouble speaking fluently but their comprehension can be relatively preserved. This type of aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia.   Patients have difficulty producing grammatical sentences and their speech is limited mainly to short utterances of less than four words.…

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Dysarthria
Dysarthria

What is dysarthria? Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder in which the muscles that are used to produce speech are damaged, paralyzed, or weakened. The person with dysarthria cannot control his or her tongue, larynx, vocal cords, and surrounding muscles, which makes it difficult for the person to form and pronounce words. The area…

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10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s Social-Emotional Development
10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s…

For children with and without disabilities, strong social-emotional skills are the foundation of long-term success in school, at work, and in the community. With so much at stake, it’s critical to start addressing this key area of development in the early years, even before a child starts school. Educators, child care providers,…

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Strategies to Promote the 5 Thinking Skills in Preschoolers
Strategies to Promote the 5 Thinking…

Curious Thinkers actively explore people and things, especially the new and novel, and eventually abstract ideas. • Encourage children to observe each other’s work and ask each other questions about what they notice. • Help children make sense of what happened by asking them to try to describe and then explain the outcome.…

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How do I know if treatment is indicated for a young child who stutters?
How do I know if treatment is indicated…

In a previous post about selecting a treatment approach for a preschool child who stutters, I encouraged you to consider two questions: Is treatment necessary? and What treatment will be most closely matched to the child’s and family’s needs? In this post, I will address the question of whether therapy…

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11 Things You Can Do Right Now to Build a More Trauma-Sensitive Classroom
11 Things You Can Do Right Now to Build…

In your classroom, you likely have at least a few students affected by trauma such as abuse, community violence, and neglect. It’s estimated that at least one in four young people experiences trauma severe enough to negatively affect their school success (National Child Traumatic Stress Network Schools Committee). We talk a lot…

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Lidcombe Program
Lidcombe Program

We’ve got some great evidence-based treatments for children who stutter that have been proven by clinical trials to work for pre-schoolers and school-age children.   The treatment with the best evidence at the moment is called the Lidcombe Program, after the Sydney suburb in which it was developed by researchers…

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Vocal Hygiene: Taking Care Of Your Voice
Vocal Hygiene: Taking Care Of Your…

Think about how often you use your voice everyday – talking on the telephone, visiting with friends, ordering at a restaurant. In addition to communicating your emotions and attitudes, your voice is strongly linked to your overall sense of self (Clark). Now, imagine what would happen if you developed a voice disorder. Approximately…

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Stress-Busters For Young Children
Stress-Busters For Young Children

1. Set Aside Group Time to Talk About Feelings Young children need the vocabulary to talk about complex emotions. Teach them words like proud, worried, excited, frustrated, and amazed, and talk about them during group time. Acknowledge both negative and positive emotions, since every emotion shared provides valuable insight into…

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10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s Social-Emotional Development
10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s…

Try these activities with your 2-month-old—a great way to have fun together and support your child’s social-emotional development.     With your baby on her back, take a tissue and wave it above your baby for her to see. Tissues also can fly, float, and tickle parts of your baby’s body. See how your baby responds.…

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Child Development Basics
Child Development Basics

Healthy Development   The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her health and development. Healthy development means that children of all abilities, including those with special health care needs, are able to grow up where their social, emotional and educational needs are met. Having a safe and loving…

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Impact of language disorder
Impact of language disorder

Behaviour challenges   Children with language disorder often have significant behavioural problems in both externalising (e.g. physical aggression) and internalising (e.g. anxiety) disorders. Research has shown a link between language disorder in childhood and adult mental health problems.   Mental illness   Having…

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Speech Sound Disorders
Speech Sound Disorders

Impact of Speech Sound Disorder   Having a Speech Sound Disorder can affect many areas of your child’s life including:   Social-emotional challenges   In clinical practise we often see children who lack confidence and refuse to speak in front of groups e.g. answering questions in class. Research has shown…

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Stuttering Treatment and The Lidcombe Program
Stuttering Treatment and The Lidcombe…

Despite extensive research scientists still do not know the exact causes of stuttering. It is common for children with persistent stuttering to have family members who also stutter or did previously stutter as a child.   The latest research has confirmed our observations that stuttering does run in families and has identified…

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Children who stutter
Children who stutter

Pre-school children   For pre-school children younger than six years who are stuttering, there are two therapy approaches that are supported by randomised clinical trials. These are the Lidcombe Program and RESTART-DCM. There is also research evidence for the Westmead Program. The strongest research evidence is for the Lidcombe…

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THE SCIENCE OF AUTISM: WHY EARLY INTERVENTION MATTERS
THE SCIENCE OF AUTISM: WHY EARLY INTERVENTION…

What causes autism is still a mystery. Scientists have theories and speculate. Some say there’s evidence it’s genetic and passed from parents to children. Others say external factors are at work. The truth may lie somewhere in between.   We do know, however, that early intensive intervention using Applied…

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5 Simple Activities To Strengthen Your Child’s Fine Motor Skills:
5 Simple Activities To Strengthen Your…

What Are Fine Motor Skills?   Fine motor skills involve the use of muscles in the hands, fingers and wrists. These skills are important for performing everyday self-care and academic tasks.   Children with well developed fine motor skills display efficiency in tasks such as writing, cutting, tying shoelaces, eating with…

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Concussions & Headaches: Are They Related?
Concussions & Headaches: Are They Related?

Headaches are one of the most common symptoms reported after a concussion. A headache that occurs after a traumatic injury is called a post traumatic headache, caused by multiple impairments related to the injury. It is important to differentiate post traumatic headaches from migraines and post traumatic migraines. Migraines are…

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What to Expect: First Speech Therapy Lesso
What to Expect: First Speech Therapy…

Your child has been diagnosed with a speech impediment or speech disorder.  Whether she suffers from the common types of speech impediments such as stuttering, apraxia of speech, a speech sound disorder, cluttering or a lisp, early speech therapy intervention is crucial to successful treatment. But what happens in…

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What is Play Therapy?
What is Play Therapy?

Play therapy, or PT, is a specific type of therapeutic approach in the mental health field. Though PT may be used for adults, it is a psychotherapeutic approach most commonly used for children. Possibly one of the most rewarding and enjoyable therapeutic techniques, this type of therapy involves few rules or limits during actual…

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When Children Won’t Eat; Key Takeaway From Dr. Kay Toomey
When Children Won’t Eat; Key Takeaway…

I was fortunate to be able to attend a 4-day workshop in Portland last month, The SOS (Sequential Oral Sensory) Approach to Feeding, all about picky eaters and problem feeders. The workshop was put on by Dr. Kay Toomey and her team, a speech-language pathologist and occupational therapist.  Dr. Kay Toomey is…

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Early language development – how to support your child
Early language development – how…

Literacy (reading) skills are important for a child’s early language development, social communication, and academic success. Before a child can pick up a book and decode the words on a page into something meaningful, they must first develop an understanding of what written language is and how it is used throughout their environment.…

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What is occupational therapy? Everything you need to know.
What is occupational therapy? Everything…

Occupational therapy is a healthcare profession. It focuses on helping people do all the things that they want and need to do in their daily lives.   These might include:   work school hobbies social situations household tasks   A doctor might refer someone to an occupational therapist if they have acquired a disability,…

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5 health benefits of walnuts
5 health benefits of walnuts

What are walnuts? Walnuts are a wrinkly, globe-like nut that is the fruit of the walnut tree. They grow in a hard shell, that, when opened, reveals the walnut. This is then split in two, which is why you most commonly see them as flat segments. Walnuts are usually eaten raw or roasted.   Nutritional value of walnuts  …

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How to Help A Preschooler Who Begins to Stutter
How to Help A Preschooler Who Begins…

Stuttering is not an uncommon occurrence in preschoolers. In fact, some researchers suggest that stuttering may occur during development in 5-11% of kids between the ages of 2.5 and 5 years old. We outlined some examples of stuttering in a previous blog post, which may help parents identify it.    Since then, we’ve…

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Causes Cures and Remedies of Headache
Causes Cures and Remedies of Headache

For understandings the frequent reasons of headache we have to understand that what is a headache. After we understand the headache we can then suggest the Treatment for headaches .Headaches are very common thing that you will hear. Headache is so common that all of us have experienced headache at one stage…

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Verbal Expectations: 7-9 Months
Verbal Expectations: 7-9 Months

So your baby is really starting to meet some major milestones! She’s sitting up, rolling over, scooting for items, and maybe even crawling! You’ve probably noticed that your baby’s attention span is longer and the two of you can engage in simple play activities together. It’s such an exciting time and I bet some weeks feel…

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Hypertension
Hypertension

  Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts…

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What is Speech Therapy and What Does a Speech Therapist Do?
What is Speech Therapy and What Does…

For the uninitiated, “speech therapist” might conjure up images of a clinician patiently trying to correct a stutter or a lisp. And indeed, speech therapists do treat these issues with a variety of tools – from exercises with Speech Buddies to audio feedback with a tape recorder. But speech therapy is a very broad…

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Speech Difficulties in Down Syndrome
Speech Difficulties in Down Syndrome

Down syndrome (DS) is an incurable genetic disorder that has a profound impact upon a person’s physical, mental, and social development. Children with DS have anatomical and physiological differences in the mouth and throat region that affect feeding, swallowing, and oral motor skills. They also often have hypotonia, or poor…

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Help! My Child Is Being Teased For Her Speech Impediment
Help! My Child Is Being Teased For…

“People tease me because of the way I talk.” “The other kids at school don’t like my words.” Do these statements sound familiar in your home? The unfortunate fact is that children who have a speech impediment are often subjected to teasing from their peers. According to a study by Professor Gordon W. Blood, Ph.D.,…

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What could cause bone pain?
What could cause bone pain?

The definition of bone pain is aching, tenderness, or another discomfort in the bone. Bone pain is one of the most common symptoms of bone cancer, so people should not overlook it.   The most significant cause of bone pain is bone cancer. This disease is most likely to occur in the long bones of the upper arms or legs,…

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Childhood asthma and food allergies linked to teen IBS
Childhood asthma and food allergies…

  A large study of children and teens finds that having asthma or food allergies at age 12 increases the chances of developing teenage irritable bowel syndrome.   Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects more than 1 in 10 people, but not everyone who experiences these symptoms consults a doctor. IBS can affect…

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Head injuries may lead to early Alzheimer's
Head injuries may lead to early Alzheimer's

Contact sports that can result in concussions, such as football, have given rise to worries that these head injuries may harm brain health later in life. A new study now investigates these claims in relation to the development of Alzheimer’s disease.   Recently, injuries related to contact sports have sparked a…

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Four Questions To Help Identify a Speech Impediment
Four Questions To Help Identify a Speech…

Are you concerned that there may be something wrong with your toddler’s communication and language skills? Is it possible that your child may have a speech impediment or disorder? Of course you don’t expect him to speak clearly in the first few months or even years of life, but are you seeing signs that perhaps something is…

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The Most Common Behavior Disorders in Children
The Most Common Behavior Disorders…

Raising children is difficult, and raising difficult children can be life disrupting. But being able to tell whether your child is just going through a stage, or if something is really wrong isn’t always that easy.   A tantrum doesn’t automatically mean your 2-year-old has a problem with authority, and a kindergartner who…

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Developmental Apraxia of Speech – An In Depth Look
Developmental Apraxia of Speech –…

A is for Apraxia.  On Monday, we took at look at Apraxia of Speech in children.  Specifically, we outlined the types of apraxia of speech and related symptoms. The most common type of apraxia of speech in children is developmental, which means it is a neurologically based speech disorder. While some children with…

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Eating Difficulties in Children
Eating Difficulties in Children

Mealtimes can sometimes be tricky when you’re trying to make sure that children and young people are eating well. And this can be particularly tough if they have difficulty eating. Caring for a person with an eating difficulty can be challenging, especially at a time when many people are already very stressed. In this article,…

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The Impact of Autism On Language Development
The Impact of Autism On Language Development

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect children in different ways and to varying degrees of severity. This is why autism specialists develop personalized therapy plans based on the individual child’s deficits and goals. An autism therapy plan may help a child develop his or her expressive, receptive, or pragmatic language…

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What to know about cancer
What to know about cancer

    Cancer causes cells to divide uncontrollably. This can result in tumors, damage to the immune system, and other impairment that can be fatal.   In the United States, an estimated 15.5 million people with a history of cancer were living as of January 1, 2016, according to a 2018 report from…

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Symptoms – Speech Difficulties or Chages
Symptoms – Speech Difficulties or…

  Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects approximately one million Americans and can cause several motor and non-motor symptoms. One of the secondary motor symptoms that people with PD may experience is a change in speech, or speech difficulty. Not everyone with PD experiences the same symptoms, and not…

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Definition of Autism
Definition of Autism

  Autism is a lifelong, nonprogressive neurological disorder typically appearing before the age of three years. The word “autism” means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction.   The classic form of autism involves a triad of impairments – in social…

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Great Toys For Speech Development
Great Toys For Speech Development

It doesn’t matter if you’re thinking in terms of speech, height, or academic ability, we all know that children develop at different rates. We have previously looked at some of the key milestones for a child’s speech development, but regardless of whether you think your child is ahead of the curve or struggling to keep up…

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What are the symptoms of autism in a 4-year-old?
What are the symptoms of autism in…

    Autism spectrum disorder is a lifelong developmental condition that can affect aspects of language, social interaction, communication, and behavior.   People are born with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and researchers are still looking into the causes. Symptoms of autism start to appear in infancy and early…

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My school-age child stutters. What should I do?
My school-age child stutters. What…

  We’ve got some great, evidence-based stuttering treatments for pre-schoolers and adults.  But what about for children who are at school? How do we treat school-age kids who stutter?   First, a few sobering facts:   1. Stuttering gets harder to treat with age.  Academics say it becomes…

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Can Your Speech Get Better?
Can Your Speech Get Better?

An aphasia diagnosis can be life shattering for both the individual with aphasia and his or her loved ones. If your speech is affected, you may wonder whether it will go back to what is was like before the onset of aphasia and how much time it will take to see an improvement. The short answer is, it depends. Aphasia is usually the…

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How An AAC Device Can Help You Improve Your Speech
How An AAC Device Can Help You Improve…

As you may have recently learned, an augmentative and alternative (AAC) device can help individuals with speech and language impairments to communicate in several ways. But, AAC devices offer far more than a way to communicate. They are actually shown to improve speech in several studies. Nonetheless, there is a persistent…

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My pre-schooler stutters and has problems with speech sounds: which one should I treat first?
My pre-schooler stutters and has problems…

My pre-schooler stutters and has problems with speech sounds: which one should I treat first?   See our 2018 update about this topic. We know that 30-40% of children who stutter also have a speech sound disorder (Gregg & Yairi, 2007). We also know that both stuttering and speech sound disorders…

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How To Build Amazing Speech And Language Skills Through Play [Your Questions Answered]
How To Build Amazing Speech And Language…

In working with toddlers, I get this question all the time: “what are some good apps I can download for my child’s learning?”   Boy, are they always surprised with my answer: NONE. Try functional play instead.   “Play is often talked about as if it were a relief of serious learning. But for children, play…

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 What Is Speech Therapy?
What Is Speech Therapy?

  Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders. It is performed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), which are often referred to as speech therapists.   Speech therapy techniques are used to improve communication. These include articulation therapy, language intervention…

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How COVID-19 Affects Children Compared to Adults
How COVID-19 Affects Children Compared…

 A new study examined how COVID-19 symptoms differ for children compared to adults.    Research on COVID-19 pediatric patients is still limited, but a new study offers a fresh perspective on the early diagnosis and epidemic control of COVID-19 in children and could enhance early intervention and diagnosis.  …

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Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety
Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety

    Anxiety is your body’s natural response to stress. It’s a feeling of fear or apprehension about what’s to come. The first day of school, going to a job interview, or giving a speech may cause most people to feel fearful and nervous.   But if your feelings of anxiety are extreme, last for longer than six…

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Passive Aggressive Personality
Passive Aggressive Personality

  What Is Passive-Aggressive Behavior?   People with passive-aggressive behavior express their negative feelings subtly through their actions instead of handling them directly. This creates a separation between what they say and what they do.   For example, say someone proposes a plan at work. A person with passive-aggressive…

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Speech Disorders
Speech Disorders

  What are speech disorders?   Speech disorders can affect the way a person creates sounds to form words. Certain voice disorders may also be considered speech disorders.   One of the most commonly experienced speech disorders is stuttering. Other speech disorders include apraxia and dysarthria.   Apraxia is…

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Research gives green light for migraine relief
Research gives green light for migraine…

      A pilot study suggests that exposure to green light of a particular wavelength and brightness may be as effective as drugs in reducing the frequency and severity of migraine.   According to the Migraine Research Foundation, about 12% of people in the United States experience migraine.   The condition…

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12 Ways New Parents Can (and Should) Ask for Help
12 Ways New Parents Can (and Should)…

Even when you think you’ve got it covered, don’t hesitate to ask for a hand.   Communicating our needs can be difficult at any stage of life — and it certainly doesn’t get easier after a baby arrives. During this time of uphill battles — some literal (like hauling a stroller up a flight of stairs) and some figurative…

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Why does the Lidcombe Program for childhood stuttering work: a case of “words will never hurt me”?
Why does the Lidcombe Program for childhood…

The Lidcombe Program is an effective stuttering treatment for children under 6 years of age. Lidcombe Program treatment is 7.5 times more likely to reduce stuttering than natural recovery (Onslow et al., 2012). So why does it work? A. Reward and punishment When you cut through the jargon, the idea behind the Lidcombe Program…

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People Without Symptoms Carry Just as Much of the Coronavirus as Symptomatic People
People Without Symptoms Carry Just…

People Without Symptoms Carry Just as Much of the Coronavirus as Symptomatic People!   New findings add to the growing belief that asymptomatic carriers may potentially be able to spread the virus just as readily as those with symptoms. More research is needed to better understand how much of a role asymptomatic carriers play…

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What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or Bad for Health?
What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or…

What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or Bad for Health? What is caffeine? Caffeine is a natural stimulant most commonly found in tea, coffee, and cacao plants. It works by stimulating the brain and central nervous system, helping you stay alert and prevent the onset of tiredness. Historians track the first brewed tea as far back…

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 Is Dyslexia a Neurological Problem?
Is Dyslexia a Neurological Problem?…

If a student without a mental problem, visual and hearing impairment is having trouble reading and reading comprehension, he/she may have Dyslexia. Dyslexia, which has a prevalence of 10-20% among students who start school, is actually a neurological problem.   The World Neurology Federation defines dyslexia as "a disorder…

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Hanen 4 “I”s to Socialize
Hanen 4 “I”s to Socialize

  Hanen education is a parent and coaching workshop. It can be applied to children with lack of social skills or autism. In this education, children are visibly improved in the field of social skills. Children’s social communication level is evaluated then the steps to be taken are determined by using this workshop.  …

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Neuroplay
Neuroplay

  Neuroplay is an innovative method developed on children with autism aged 12-42 months. This method is a play therapy-oriented education applied in order to intervene early in autism. The main purpose of this program is that autism can be overcome at an early age as a result of issues such as play therapy and family contribution.…

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Debunking Dyslexia Myths
Debunking Dyslexia Myths

Debunking Dyslexia Myths Dyslexia is a word that often stirs up fear and misunderstanding. In addition, it is awash in myths. Often, people think of a person with Dyslexia as an individual who confuses b’s and d’s or reads backwards. Others may think of a troubled reader who is confused by basic letters.  This…

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Best Toys For Speech And Language Development
Best Toys For Speech And Language Development

Best Toys For Speech And Language Development   LLA Therapy intern, Kelly Dugan, blogs about toys to promote speech and language. Simple toys can be great tools in your arsenal for bringing out language in your child. Below we highlight some examples of toys you might have laying around the house already and ways you can use…

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3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language Development in Children: Ages 0-3
3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language…

3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language Development in Children: Ages 0-3   Ages 0-3 are critical for learning and mastering speech and language. Some babies and toddlers initiate talking earlier than others.  If you are looking to encourage speech and language in your little one, read on for easy guidelines to help…

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The Role of the Speech Pathologist in Treating a Cleft Palate
The Role of the Speech Pathologist…

The Role of the Speech Pathologist in Treating a Cleft Palate   It can be scary and heartbreaking to watch your child with a cleft palate struggle.  When treating a cleft palate, a multi-disciplinary team approach is the best way to provide the highest level of care to your child and your family. Allowing multiple…

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What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!
What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!

What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!   All parents have experienced the desire for their child to speak in an ‘indoor voice’ when an ‘outdoor voice’ seems to be all their child wants to use.  Modulating voice is an important skill for kids to learn.  Read on for possible reasons your child may use a voice…

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Navigating Early Speech & Language Milestones: What to Expect Between Ages 2 and 3
Navigating Early Speech & Language…

Navigating Early Speech & Language Milestones: What to Expect Between Ages 2 and 3   Parents often wonder if their child’s skills are developing typically.  Between gross motor skills, fine motor skills, speech-language skills, social-emotional functioning, and overall growth, there is a lot of information to track! …

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Transcortical Sensory Aphasia
Transcortical Sensory Aphasia

Transcortical Sensory Aphasia   Transcortical Sensory Aphasia (TSA) has a lot in common with Wernicke’s aphasia. People with TSA produce connected, flowing speech. However, that speech is likely to lack meaning due to word errors and invented words.   TSA is less common than other types of aphasia, including…

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5 Fun Ways to Build Your Child’s Vocabulary During the Holidays
5 Fun Ways to Build Your Child’s…

5 Fun Ways to Build Your Child’s Vocabulary During the Holidays During the holidays, children are off of school, families are spending time together, the weather is changing, and everyone is eating delicious food! Parents can use this time off as the perfect time to do vocabulary building activities.     5 Fun Vocabulary…

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Cerebral Palsy: Wheelchaır Posıtıonıng And Effects
Cerebral Palsy: Wheelchaır Posıtıonıng…

CEREBRAL PALSY: WHEELCHAIR POSITIONING AND EFFECTS   Often, pediatric Occupational or Physical Therapists work with children who have cerebral palsy and adaptive seating. A recent study on children with cerebral palsy, wheelchair positioning and the short term effects was published. The researchers evaluated the multidimensional…

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How VBA Helps Children With Language Deficit
How VBA Helps Children With Language…

How VBA Helps Children With Language Deficit   Verbal Behavior Analysis, or VBA, is a language intervention strategy based on the work of B.F. Skinner. An American psychologist, social philosopher, and inventor, Skinner was a leading figure in the branch of psychology known as Behaviorism. This school of psychology derives…

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Socıal Skılls, Motor Skılls And Autısm
Socıal Skılls, Motor Skılls And…

SOCIAL SKILLS, MOTOR SKILLS AND AUTISM   How are social skills, motor skills and autism associated with each other? Previous research indicates that deficits in communication, social skills and motor skills are characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.     Research Review on Social Skills, Motor…

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How To Help A Chıld Wıth Anxıety In The Classroom
How To Help A Chıld Wıth Anxıety…

  HOW TO HELP A CHILD WITH ANXIETY IN THE CLASSROOM   Do you work with children who are anxious at school or at home?  Learn how to help a child with anxiety in the classroom with these 10 interventions.  Parents and teachers can be part of the support system for a child who experiences anxiety.  …

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Signs of Reading Disability Across Grades
Signs of Reading Disability Across…

Signs of Reading Disability Across Grades     Reading Disability (also known as “Dyslexia”) is a disorder of phonology at its base.  It affects reading, writing, and sometimes other skills such as memorization of math facts and language expression.  We know that Reading Disability is persistent but also highly…

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Mental Health
Mental Health

Mental Health     Occupational therapists working in mental health help people to achieve the everyday activities that people engage in and find meaningful. They draw on a range of psychological and occupational therapy strategies to help people understand and cope with their daily function, productivity and capacity through…

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What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)?
What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication…

What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)?     PECS or Picture Exchange Communication System is an augmentative and alternative form of communication that can be used across ages and disabilities.  It teaches functional communication that is immediately useful for individuals who have either…

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Primary progressive aphasia
Primary progressive aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia     Primary progressive aphasia (uh-FAY-zhuh) is a rare nervous system (neurological) syndrome that affects your ability to communicate. People who have it can have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding or finding words. Symptoms begin gradually, often before age 65, and worsen…

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EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS – 5 WAYS FOR PEDIATRIC THERAPISTS TO HELP
EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS…

EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS – 5 WAYS FOR PEDIATRIC THERAPISTS TO HELP     Pediatric therapists can help to empower children, parents and teachers. In fact, encouraging children and families to work on independence is an underlying goal for all children. Essentially, when we empower children and their support…

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Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's Disease
Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's…

Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's Disease     The Lee Silverman Voice Treatment is an intensive program of voice exercises for people with Parkinson's disease.1 It targets several areas where those who suffer from Parkinson's have significant problems: loudness and clarity of speech.     The…

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Public Statement - Occupational Therapy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Public Statement - Occupational Therapy…

  Public Statement - Occupational Therapy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic     The COVID-19 pandemic is having a profound impact on the lives, health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities worldwide. In occupational therapy, occupations refer to the everyday activities that people do as individuals,…

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Strategıes For Self-Care
Strategıes For Self-Care

                                STRATEGIES FOR SELF-CARE         Have you come up for air at all yet?  Back to school is such a crazy time of year.  Around here it is our busiest time of year without a doubt. …

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In Autism, Speech and Communication Are Not the Same thing
In Autism, Speech and Communication…

  In Autism, Speech and Communication Are Not the Same thing       People with autism spectrum disorders may be entirely non-verbal, they may have limited useful speech, or they may be very talkative indeed. No matter what their verbal abilities, though, almost everyone on the autism spectrum has a hard…

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Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits of Wordless Books
Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits…

  Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits of Wordless Books           One of my favorite tools to use in speech therapy is a wordless book. They have endless (okay, maybe not completely endless, there is a story in those pictures) possibilities for creating, imagining, predicting, and story…

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Effectıve Collaboratıon In Schools
Effectıve Collaboratıon In Schools…

EFFECTIVE COLLABORATION IN SCHOOLS       When you work in an educational environment, a big part of the job is effective collaboration in schools.  There is collaboration between many different stakeholders such as students, parents, classroom teachers, physical educators, art teachers, music teachers, computer…

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Occupatıonal Therapy In The School Settıng Can Help Wıth Academıcs, Learnıng And Partıcıpatıon
Occupatıonal Therapy In The School…

  OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN THE SCHOOL SETTING CAN HELP WITH ACADEMICS, LEARNING AND PARTICIPATION   Recent research explored occupational therapy in the school setting and how it can help with academics, learning and participation. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy completed a systemic research review on the…

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Speech and language skills for school aged children
Speech and language skills for school…

Speech and language skills for school aged children.   In a previous post Christine talked about some of the necessary language skills for 4 – 6 year old children. These skills are also required for reading and writing. The beginning of the school year is next week!! You’ve got your child’s uniform ready, new school bags…

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Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When Your Toddler Acts Out
Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When…

Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When Your Toddler Acts Out     When your child takes the crayons out of the closet and draws on the living room walls, a common reaction would be to put him or her in time-out. After the time-out, your child goes back and draws on the walls again. What is happening? Sometimes,…

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What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?
What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?

What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?       Mixed Transcortical Aphasia is a type of aphasia in which repetition is the primary language ability that is present. It is an uncommon type of aphasia. Mixed transcortical aphasia has also been called isolation aphasia. It is considered a more severe form of aphasia.…

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How To Select Approprıate Toys For Young Chıldren
How To Select Approprıate Toys For…

How To Select Approprıate Toys For Young Chıldren       Did you know that the American Academy of Pediatrics recently published a report on how to select appropriate toys for young children in the digital era?  I am SO EXCITED about this report because it highlights the benefits of simple toys and…

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9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking or Singing Voice
9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking…

9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking or Singing Voice       “The human voice is the organ of the soul.” ― Henry Longfellow   Do you like the sound of your speaking or singing voice? Lifestyle choices often affect the quality of your voice. Conversely, the tone of your voice may reflect certain lifestyle…

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Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area and Speech
Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area…

Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area and Speech     Broca's area, one of the main areas of the cerebral cortex, is responsible for producing language. This region of the brain was named for French neurosurgeon Paul Broca, who discovered the function of this area during the 1850s while examining the…

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Talking and play: school-age children
Talking and play: school-age children

                                                                              Talking and play: school-age children      …

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What is Conduction Aphasia?
What is Conduction Aphasia?

What is Conduction Aphasia?       Conduction aphasia is a type of aphasia in which the main impairment is in the inability to repeat words or phrases. Other areas of language are less impaired (or not at all). It is also known as associative aphasia. A person with conduction aphasia can usually read,…

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Kınesıo tape, balance and chıldren
Kınesıo tape, balance and chıldren…

KINESIO TAPE, BALANCE AND CHILDREN       A recent study examined the effect of Kinesio Taping (KT) effect on balance and foot arches in young people with intellectual disability. The researchers studied 30 young people with intellectual disability and flat feet.       Methodology The participants were…

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Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure Therapy
Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure…

  Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure Therapy         Anxiety and worry serves a biological purpose. It helps protect us from potential danger by pumping our body with the chemicals and energy to fight or flight. However, sometimes children (and adults) experience anxiety over situations that pose…

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Muscle Tension Dysphonia
Muscle Tension Dysphonia

Muscle Tension Dysphonia       Understanding the Disorder     Muscle Tension Dysphonia (MTD)   The term “muscle tension dysphonia” is a general term for an imbalance in the coordination of the muscles and breathing patterns needed to create voice. This imbalance can be seen without any anatomical…

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Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development
Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development

Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development   ​   Most children, adolescents, and teens consider school, sports, and other activities their most important social platforms. Although they can connect with friends online, having access to their peers, in-person is key to building relationships.   And now that…

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Difficulty with Language Comprehension After Stroke or Brain Injury
Difficulty with Language Comprehension…

Difficulty with Language Comprehension After Stroke or Brain Injury       Language comprehension skills vary a lot from one person with aphasia to another. Some people with aphasia are able to understand spoken language with little or no difficulty. Many people are able to comprehend as long as the messages…

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Use play dough to ıncrease hand strength
Use play dough to ıncrease hand strength

  USE PLAY DOUGH TO INCREASE HAND STRENGTH     Play dough is an amazing, simple tool to help children increase muscle strength in the fingers and hands, expand creativity and encourage imagination.  Below are 10 ways to use play dough to increase hand strength.       Why Use Play Dough…

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Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will My Child’s Language Be Delayed?
Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will…

Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will My Child’s Language Be Delayed?       Parents may wonder, what are the benefits of exposing my child to two languages? Children who are exposed to multiple languages from an early age are more likely to become bilingual, and may have greater success with second language…

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7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be Independent
7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be…

7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be Independent       Just because your teen turns 18 doesn't mean they're ready to move out of the house and live on their own. Unless you've taught them the life skills necessary to live in the real world, there's a good chance they may struggle to be independent.1   In fact,…

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Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds
Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds

Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds     What are some of the developmental milestones my child should reach by two years of age?   Your baby enters her second year and becomes a toddler, crawling vigorously, starting to walk, even talking a little. Exploring the boundaries established by your rules and her own physical…

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Tips To Improve Transitions
Tips To Improve Transitions

  Tips To Improve Transitions     “The only constant in life is change” – Heraclitus   Does your child struggle with ending activities, trying new things, or engaging in non-preferred tasks/demands? Transitions can be difficult especially when a child is not expecting the change. Advanced preparation,…

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Helping Your Child Produce the /G/ Sound at Home
Helping Your Child Produce the /G/…

  Helping Your Child Produce the /G/ Sound at Home       It is common for young children to make certain sound substitutions as their speech and language skills are developing. One example is substituting /t/ for /k/ (e.g. saying “tar” instead of “car”); another is substituting /d/ for /g/ (e.g. saying…

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Handwrıtıng legıbılıty ın chıldren
Handwrıtıng legıbılıty ın chıldren

  HANDWRITING LEGIBILITY IN CHILDREN Even in this digital era, handwriting continues to be an important skill for children to master.  When a student’s handwriting is not legible, it can be a struggle for the student and the teacher.  Pediatric Occupational Therapists, parents, and teachers can encourage handwriting…

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Should children do chores? yes and here is why
Should children do chores? yes and…

  SHOULD CHILDREN DO CHORES? YES AND HERE IS WHY     Should children do chores? Heck yes!  In fact, it should be on the top of the list. Performing chores teaches children important life skills.  As parents and teachers, it can be super hard to stand by sometimes while children learn how to help at…

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Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood Apraxia of Speech
Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood…

Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood Apraxia of Speech   A phonological process disorder and Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) are two speech disorders that affect your child’s intelligibility and in some cases, can present similarly. However, characteristics of these two are different.     Phonological…

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How To Help Your Child Find The Right Friends
How To Help Your Child Find The Right…

How To Help Your Child Find The Right Friends   Helping children navigate their social environment can be challenging terms of developing self-initiation, advocacy, and flexibility skills. What is your role as a parent in facilitating the development of your child’s new friendships?     How to Help Your Child Find…

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Primary progressive aphasia
Primary progressive aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia     Primary progressive aphasia (uh-FAY-zhuh) is a rare nervous system (neurological) syndrome that affects your ability to communicate. People who have it can have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding or finding words.   Symptoms begin gradually, often before age 65, and…

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How does physical development affect Learning?
How does physical development affect…

  HOW DOES PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AFFECT LEARNING?   Most school staff are already aware of the physical benefits of exercise, such as strengthening of the heart and lungs, preventing weight gain, healthy bones, good posture and more. However, many are not aware of the potential brain-boosting benefits of physical activity…

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How To Increase Home Exercıse Program Complıance
How To Increase Home Exercıse Program…

HOME EXERCISE PROGRAMS   HOW TO INCREASE HOME EXERCISE PROGRAM COMPLIANCE   How to increase home exercise program compliance for parents of children with disabilities can be a tough question to answer. Parents have a particularly tough job today.  Juggling work, home life, children’s schedules, homework assignments…

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HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS WITH DYSGRAPHIA?
HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS…

HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS WITH DYSGRAPHIA?     Are you a teacher who has students with dysgraphia?  Perhaps you are an Occupational Therapist who receives referrals for students with dysgraphia?  Maybe you are a parent wondering how can occupational therapy help students with dysgraphia? …

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES – TIPS FOR INCLUSION SPORTS
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH…

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES – TIPS FOR INCLUSION SPORTS   Many of us are aware of the importance of physical activity for children with disabilities.  Unfortunately, research indicates that persons with disabilities frequently join inclusive sports but do not continue with inclusion…

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EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SAY?
EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE…

ADHD EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SAY?   There has been many studies on exercise and ADHD that indicate a possible beneficial effect on functional outcomes for children with ADHD. A recent meta-analysis research study was completed and published in the Journal of Attention Disorders.     Results of…

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How To Help Children With Low Muscle Tone
How To Help Children With Low Muscle…

HOW TO HELP CHILDREN WITH LOW MUSCLE TONE   If you are a parent or teacher, you might wonder how to help children with low muscle tone.  As pediatric therapists, we often work with children who have hypotonia or low muscle tone.  Children who have low muscle tone may receive direct occupational or physical therapy…

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5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist Can Help a Child with Autism
5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist…

5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist Can Help a Child with Autism   in Autism, Behavior, Diagnostics, Feeding, Living Skills, Neuropsychology, Parenting, Speech and Language /by Kate Connolly   Having a child receive a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder can…

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How to Explain a Language Disorder to a Teacher
How to Explain a Language Disorder…

How to Explain a Language Disorder to a Teacher   in Development, Diagnostics, Education, Kindergarten-5th Grade, Middle School, Parenting, Preschool, School, Speech and Language, Teachers /by Kate Connolly   Of all the categories available under IDEA law,…

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 Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language Development
Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language…

  Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language Development     Ready or not, the holidays are right around the corner! This means family, fun, vacations, and a lot of free time. And let’s face it; you’ll most likely have a lot of cooking to do. So, why not have your kids help you, while you help them by making cooking…

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10 Tips to Support Children with Language Processing Delays
10 Tips to Support Children with Language…

10 Tips to Support Children with Language Processing Delays   Once children receive a diagnosis of a language delay or learning disability, they often discover that they have 'processing delays' as well. What does “processing delay” mean? This term refers to the time it takes for the child to process information from text,…

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Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social Skills
Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social…

Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social Skills   in Autism, Behavior, Development, Education, High School, How To, Mental Health, Middle School, Parenting, Social Work, Speech and Language, Teens /by Jaclyn Schneider   Why don’t they just get it?…

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3 Behavıors Lınked To Hıgher Mental Abılıty In Chıldren
3 Behavıors Lınked To Hıgher Mental…

3 BEHAVIORS LINKED TO HIGHER MENTAL ABILITY IN CHILDREN   Parents play a key role in supporting children to maximize their potential at school.  As we all know, what goes on in the home greatly affects what goes on at school and vice versa.  Recent research on over 4000 children and adolescents in the United States,…

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How to improve fokucs and memory in children
How to improve fokucs and memory in…

HOW TO IMPROVE FOCUS AND MEMORY IN CHILDREN   Do you work with students who struggle to maintain focus and find memory tasks difficult?  Are you in search of ideas of how to improve focus and memory in children?  Here are several strategies to help children.   Ideas for How To Improve Focus Classrooms are busy…

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Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red Flags for Toddlers and Preschoolers
Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red…

Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red Flags for Toddlers and Preschoolers   in Behavior, Birth-3, Mental Health, Parenting, Preschool, Social Work, SOCIAL WORK/MENTAL HEALTH, Specialties and Services /by Rebecca Kieffer   It might be hard to imagine what mental health concerns…

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3 Strategıes To Help Wıth Anxıety In Chıldren
3 Strategıes To Help Wıth Anxıety…

3 STRATEGIES TO HELP WITH ANXIETY IN CHILDREN   Anxiety can be very difficult for children resulting in considerable stress with negative consequences on daily living skills. There are many strategies to help with anxiety in children.  Many children with co-morbid conditions such as autism spectrum disorder or intellectual…

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Broca's Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia

Broca’s aphasia is a form of aphasia in which the person knows what they want to say but is unable to produce the words or sentence. It is also known as non-fluent aphasia and expressive aphasia, and severity can range from mild to severe. People with Broca’s aphasia are typically aware of their communication…

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5 Warning Signs That Your Toddler May Need Speech-Language Therapy
5 Warning Signs That Your Toddler May…

  It is such an exciting time when children are first acquiring words; they can begin to express wants and needs, communicate with parents, and begin to label objects in sight. Most children will begin to speak their first words around 1 year of age, but what happens if they don’t?   Don’t panic—children progress…

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Improving Self Esteem
Improving Self Esteem

Teachers have long known that when students feel good about themselves, they are able to achieve more in the classroom. Think about yourself: the more confident you are, the more capable you feel, no matter the task. When a child feels capable and sure of themselves, they are easier to motivate and more likely…

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How to Talk to Kids About Race and Cultural Diversity
How to Talk to Kids About Race and…

Racial and cultural diversity is an excellent topic to teach grade-school-age children. Grade-schoolers are forming lots of opinions about themselves and the people around them. This is when their natural curiosity about differences in appearance and cultural backgrounds really begins to come into play. Children who are grade-school…

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Academic And Personal Behaviors Necessary For Student Success
Academic And Personal Behaviors Necessary…

There are many academic and personal behaviors necessary for student success that teachers instill in their students. Doing well in school is not all about good grades. Students need foundational skills in order to be successful students. Some examples are persistence, engagement, work habits, organizational skills, communication,…

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Causes of autism spectrum disorder
Causes of autism spectrum disorder

Key points There is no single, known cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). But it’s clear that what parents do or don’t do doesn’t cause ASD in children. Causes of ASD might include genes, brain development, family history and other factors.   What causes autism spectrum disorder? We don’t know exactly what causes autism…

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How To Increase Parent Involvement At School
How To Increase Parent Involvement…

Do you struggle with figuring out how to increase parent involvement at school?  It can be difficult for school-based therapists, teachers and other staff to reach out to parents during the hectic school day.   Parents are an integral part of the special education team. They know the most about their children’s…

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Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices
Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices

Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) often recommend an AAC or speech-generating device to individuals with moderate to severe aphasia. Although the benefits of these devices are well established, individuals and caregivers often draw their own conclusions without consulting the SLP.…

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AAC: Speech Devices for Autism
AAC: Speech Devices for Autism

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/aac-speech-devices-for-autism-north-shore-pediatric-therapy/

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Mindful Breathing For Kids
Mindful Breathing For Kids

https://www.yourtherapysource.com/blog1/2019/08/01/mindful-breathing-for-kids-2/

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School Readiness: What Does it Take for Your Child to Succeed in School?
School Readiness: What Does it Take…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/school-readiness-what-does-it-take-for-your-child-to-succeed-in-school-north-shore-pediatric-therapy/

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How To Help Children With Body Mapping
How To Help Children With Body Mapping

https://www.yourtherapysource.com/blog1/2019/12/19/body-mapping-occupational-therapy/

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Bayley Scales Test for Infant and Toddler Development
Bayley Scales Test for Infant and Toddler…

https://www.verywellfamily.com/bayley-scales-test-early-development-2162363

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What is a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)?
What is a Speech-Language Pathologist…

https://www.aphasia.com/caregiver/your-healthcare-team/speech-language-pathologists/

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Protecting Those You Serve, Co-Workers, and Yourself From COVID-19
Protecting Those You Serve, Co-Workers,…

https://blog-asha-org.cdn.ampproject.org/c/s/blog.asha.org/2020/03/05/protecting-those-you-serve-co-workers-and-yourself-from-covid-19/amp/

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 Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)
Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

http://www.theexpatspeechie.com/blog/childhood-apraxia-of-speech-cas

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Toys to Elicit Language from Birth to Three
Toys to Elicit Language from Birth…

 https://www.nspt4kids.com/specialties-and-services/speech-language-pathology/toys-elicit-language-birth-three/

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Teach Your Child to Self-Advocate
Teach Your Child to Self-Advocate

 https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/teach-child-self-advocate/

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Seven Things to Know About Fluency Disorders
Seven Things to Know About Fluency…

https://www.napacenter.org/fluency-disorders/

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Positive Ways to Correct Your Child
Positive Ways to Correct Your Child

https://www.lexercise.com/blog/positive-ways-to-correct-child

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Healthy Routines for Your Child
Healthy Routines for Your Child

https://www.lexercise.com/blog/routine

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Children Lack Social Skills
Children Lack Social Skills

https://www.lexercise.com/blog/children-lack-social-skills

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Stuttering
Stuttering

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stuttering/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353577

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The Many Strengths of Dyslexics
The Many Strengths of Dyslexics

http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/dyslexics/learn-about-dyslexia/what-is-dyslexia/the-many-strengths-of-dyslexics

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20 Common Dyslexia Symptoms
20 Common Dyslexia Symptoms

https://www.lexercise.com/blog/20-common-symptoms-of-dyslexia

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Childhood apraxia of speech
Childhood apraxia of speech

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-apraxia-of-speech/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352051

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Tips to Raise Your Child’s Social IQ
Tips to Raise Your Child’s Social…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/social-iq/

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

https://keltymentalhealth.ca/cognitive-behavioural-therapy

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What is family therapy?
What is family therapy?

https://keltymentalhealth.ca/family-therapy

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Help! My Child Has a Texture Aversion
Help! My Child Has a Texture Aversion

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/help-child-texture-aversion/

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How to Get Your Teen to Talk to You
How to Get Your Teen to Talk to You

https://nspt4kids.com/parenting/how-to-get-your-teen-to-talk-to-you/

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5 Incredible Ice Breakers for Therapy Sessions
5 Incredible Ice Breakers for Therapy…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/therapy/5-incredible-ice-breakers-for-therapy-sessions/

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Lisps: Why They Happen
Lisps: Why They Happen

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/lisps-happen/

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Your Child Doesn’t Qualify for Speech-Language Services-Now What?
Your Child Doesn’t Qualify for Speech-Language…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/specialties-and-services/speech-language-pathology/child-doesnt-qualify-speech-language-services-now/

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Wait… What Did You Say? Memory in the ADHD Student
Wait… What Did You Say? Memory in…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/wait-say-memory-adhd-student/

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Communication Dos and Dont's
Communication Dos and Dont's

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/family-life/family-dynamics/communication-discipline/Pages/Communication-Dos-and-Donts.aspx

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Speech and Language: What is the Difference?
Speech and Language: What is the Difference?

 https://www.nspt4kids.com/therapy/speech-and-language-what-is-the-difference/

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Disciplining Older Children
Disciplining Older Children

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/family-life/family-dynamics/communication-discipline/Pages/Disciplining-Older-Children.aspx

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Understanding Sensory Processing Disorder: Visual System
Understanding Sensory Processing Disorder:…

Görme sistemi bilgiyi gözlerimiz aracılığıyla tespit etmek için ışığı kullanır ve beyinde bu bilgiyi yorumlar ya da anlamlandırır. Bizi diğer nesnelere göre bulunduğumuz yere yönlendirerek çevremizi güvenli bir şekilde yönlendirmemize yardımcı olmak için vestibüler ve işitsel sistemlerimizle birlikte…

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