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How to Explain a Language Disorder to a Teacher
How to Explain a Language Disorder…

Of all the categories available under special education law, language impairments are often one of the most difficult to understand. It is not a surface-level issue and is often lost in the shuffle. Explaining what a language disorder is and how it will impact your child to a teacher can be tricky. Here are some tips.  …

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Trauma in Young Children Between 2 to 5 Years Old
Trauma in Young Children Between 2…

​Preschool-age children can be seriously affected by trauma, just like older children and adults. Life-threatening events such as car accidents, bushfires, sudden illness, traumatic death in the family, crime, abuse or violence in the community can cause trauma. A preschooler’s language is still developing, so…

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Tech Issues Stressing You Out During the Pandemic? You’re Not Alone!
Tech Issues Stressing You Out During…

There’s nothing more frustrating than your computer not cooperating and having no one around to help you fix it. Technical difficulties are a sure way to bring on stress and anxiety and put pressure on productivity. If this sounds like your life working remotely for the last year, you’re not alone.   Studies find…

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Stages and Awareness of Learning to Read
Stages and Awareness of Learning to…

A baby's brain is hardwired to learn a language. That means that a baby doesn't need to be taught how to speak a language; it happens naturally. Babies learn language pretty much from the moment they are born. It's an amazingly complex skill, but since it's natural, we aren't aware of everything it involves.1  …

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 Hand and Wrist Rehabilitation in Ergotherapy
Hand and Wrist Rehabilitation in Ergotherapy…

We use our hands for almost everything we do from morning until night. Because of their constant use, hands and wrists are often injured. Any direct trauma or laceration to the hand can result in serious consequences if one or more tissues are damaged. An injury to the area will therefore affect a person’s ability to do simple…

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Speech and Language Therapists and Their Practice Areas
Speech and Language Therapists and…

A speech pathologist can help your child develop her ability to communicate. If your child is going to a speech pathologist, make a list of questions, including how much appointments and treatment will cost.     A speech pathologist is a university-trained health professional who works with anyone who has trouble communicating.…

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Why Self-Care Is Vital to Our Mental Health?
Why Self-Care Is Vital to Our Mental…

Self-care is any activity that we engage in to take care of our personal needs and well-being. It is vital to our mental and overall health and, ironically, it’s something we frequently neglect to practice.   Everyone has mental health so self-care isn’t only for those who struggle with mental illness. It is important…

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Things to Know About Claustrophobia (Fear of Confined Space)
Things to Know About Claustrophobia…

Claustrophobia is a form of anxiety disorder, in which an irrational fear of having no escape or being closed-in can lead to a panic attack. It is considered a specific phobia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5). Triggers may include being inside an elevator, a small room without any windows, or…

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Symbolic Development
Symbolic Development

Symbolic development can be explained as the developmental levels of understanding visual information.   Our symbolic development starts at the most concrete level e.g. Object level. This is because we have a range of sensory inputs we can draw upon to determine what an object is included sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste.…

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About Feeding and Swallowing Disorders in Children
About Feeding and Swallowing Disorders…

Think about how you eat. You first have to get the food or drink to your mouth. You may use a fork, spoon, straw, or your hands. You have to open your mouth and take the food in. You close your lips to keep the food in your mouth. You then chew the food or move the liquid to get ready to swallow. Children have to learn this process.…

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Dysphagia: What Happens During a Bedside Swallow Exam
Dysphagia: What Happens During a Bedside…

A bedside swallow exam is a test to see if you might have dysphagia, which causes trouble swallowing. Dysphagia sometimes leads to serious problems.     When you swallow, food passes through your mouth and into a part of your throat called the pharynx. From there, it travels through a long tube called the esophagus. It…

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Television's Effects on Young Children's Language Learning
Television's Effects on Young Children's…

Studies report a link between TV and language development in babies. The more time babies spend watching television, the more slowly they learn to talk. Some people conclude that the effects of television on children are direct and negative.But correlation isn't causation, and a more fine-grained analysis of the problem supports…

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World Voice Day 2021 ONE WORLD|MANY VOICES
World Voice Day 2021 ONE WORLD|MANY…

Dear readers and colleagues from around the world, it is April 16th, the day which we celebrate the human voice as a unique asset to mankind.   The voice is like a gem with facets reflecting multiple scientific disciplines and practical and artistic concerns. Both humans and animals depend heavily on vocal communication,…

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Things You May Need To Know About Ankle Sprain
Things You May Need To Know About Ankle…

An ankle sprain is a common injury. Inversion-type, lateral ligament injuries represent approximately 85% of all ankle sprains. The incidence of ankle sprain is highest in sports populations. Poor rehabilitation after an initial sprain increases the chances of this injury recurrence. The ankle joint is the…

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Like TBI, COVID May Affect the Brain Long-Term!
Like TBI, COVID May Affect the Brain…

As is true for so many of us, what researcher Julius Fridriksson thought he’d be doing in 2020 didn’t exactly happen. He started the year as principal investigator on a large study investigating the effects of aging on the brain and possibilities for predicting early cognitive decline. Three months into the study, after the…

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Few Things You Should Know About Apraxia of Speech
Few Things You Should Know About Apraxia…

Apraxia of speech (AOS)—also known as acquired apraxia of speech, verbal apraxia, or childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) when diagnosed in children—is a speech sound disorder. Someone with AOS has trouble saying what he or she wants to say correctly and consistently. AOS is a neurological disorder that affects the brain pathways…

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What Is Hallux Valgus Foot Deformity?
What Is Hallux Valgus Foot Deformity?

Hallux valgus is the most common foot deformity.   It is a progressive foot deformity in which the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint is affected and is often accompanied by significant functional disability and foot pain and reduced quality of life This joint is gradually subluxed (lateral deviation…

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Is Your Child Experiencing Language Delay?
Is Your Child Experiencing Language…

A language delay is a type of communication disorder. Your child may have a language delay if they don’t meet the language developmental milestones for their age. Their language abilities may be developing at a slower rate than most children’s. They may have trouble expressing themselves or understanding others. Their delay…

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Meditate for Better Sleep
Meditate for Better Sleep

If you have trouble falling asleep at night, you’re not alone. About 35 to 50 percent of adults worldwide regularly experience insomnia symptoms.     For many people, sleeping difficulty is related to stress. That’s because stress can cause anxiety and tension, making it hard to fall asleep. In…

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What Is Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)?
What Is Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)?

Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is a common knee injury that usually presents with pain and/or tenderness on palpation of the lateral aspect of the knee, superior to the joint line and inferior to the lateral femoral epicondyle. It is considered a non-traumatic overuse injury, often seen in runners, and is often…

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It’s Time We Stop Bragging About Not Getting Enough Sleep
It’s Time We Stop Bragging About…

One of the first things I noticed when I moved upstate from New York City was just how much I enjoyed the stillness and the relaxed pace of life. There are a million things I loved about the city, but I didn’t love the competitiveness; the need to be super busy all the time; the lack of sleep because of said busyness,…

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About Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
About Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI is a brain injury that can happen from a bump or blow to the head or when an object goes through the skull and into the brain. No matter what type of TBI you have, damage to your brain happens right away. Later, you may develop seizures or brain swelling. Doctors treat these medical problems.     TBI can cause speech,…

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What Is Ulnar Nerve Entrapment?
What Is Ulnar Nerve Entrapment?

Ulnar nerve entrapment occurs when the ulnar nerve is compressed. This typically occurs at two main sites: the elbow and the wrist. Ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow is usually at the cubital tunnel (Cubital Tunnel Syndrome). Ulnar nerve neuropathy at the elbow is the second most common entrapment neuropathy…

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What Is Stuttering?
What Is Stuttering?

Stuttering, also known as childhood-onset fluency disorder, is a type of speech disorder characterized by dysfluent or stammering speech. Dysfluency involves interruptions in the flow of speech. People who stutter may repeat words and syllables. They may also have an uneven rate of speech marked by frequent halts or hesitations.…

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How To Create Flexible, Remote Work While Living with a Chronic Illness
How To Create Flexible, Remote Work…

In 2008, I was a stay-at-home mom to two cute little girls, ages 4 and 6. I thought the exhaustion was just part of motherhood. It wasn’t until I woke up with the sight doubling that I went to see a doctor. I saw several doctors and eventually received a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS).   The neurologist actually…

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Occupatıonal Therapy In Common Developmental Dısorders
Occupatıonal Therapy In Common Developmental…

Common developmental disorders (PDD); It is a group of psychiatric disorders in which there is an inadequate development or loss of social skills, language development and behavior in early childhood. Generally, these disorders affect many areas of development and lead to permanent dysfunctions.     Five disorders have…

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9 Tips for Meditating When You’re an Overthinker
9 Tips for Meditating When You’re…

If your mind goes a mile a minute, these meditation tips are for you.   Although I’m a long-time meditator, I continually struggle to truly turn off my head. Enter my “monkey mind,” the intrusive, restless thoughts that derail me from finding mental calm.   Even when I set aside time for stillness, a riptide of thoughts…

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What Is Speech-Language Therapy?
What Is Speech-Language Therapy?

Speech-language therapy is the treatment for most kids with speech and/or language disorders.   What Are Speech Disorders?   A speech disorder refers to a problem with making sounds. Speech disorders include:   Articulation disorders: These are problems with making sounds in syllables, or saying words incorrectly…

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Do Special Chairs Help Children with Autism?
Do Special Chairs Help Children with…

When looking at seating options for children with autism, there are a few considerations to keep in mind. Some seats offer sensory input and mobility in the form of wiggling, bouncing, or rocking. Others provide more stability that support a student with appropriate positioning, armrests, lateral supports, or adjusted backrests…

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4 Reasons You May Need Marriage Therapy
4 Reasons You May Need Marriage Therapy

All couples experience conflict. For some it's battles about money; for others it's a sex life that's lacking or a pattern of constant arguing. And the coronavirus pandemic has added yet another potential stressor: more time at home together, which can exacerbate tensions or expose hidden cracks in a relationship.   Therapy…

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What is Parkinson's Disease?
What is Parkinson's Disease?

In keeping with current, person-focused, best practice for communicating with and about people with or without a disability, Physiopedia uses the terms "person/people with Parkinson's" to emphasise the dignity of the person, rather than define them by their clinical diagnosis. This is a move away from the historic terms…

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4 Common Ear, Nose and Throat Problems
4 Common Ear, Nose and Throat Problems

There are many different ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders and an even greater variety of characteristic symptoms. The following list involves the four most common ENT disorders. Not everyone will experience the same set of symptoms or have them as intensely. In some cases, a doctor or ENT specialist will be needed to make the…

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Kids Who Ignore Consequences: 10 Ways to Make Them Stick
Kids Who Ignore Consequences: 10 Ways…

Does your child ignore every consequence you give him? James Lehman can help with 10 specific ways to make consequences work—even for the most resistant child.     When kids are faced with something unpleasant, they’ll often act like it doesn’t matter to them. When your child says, “I don’t care,” or seems…

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What is Sensory Integration?
What is Sensory Integration?

Children and adults with autism, as well as those with other developmental disabilities, may have a dysfunctional sensory system – referred to as sensory integration disorders in ASD. Sometimes one or more senses are either over- or under-reactive to stimulation. Such sensory problems may be the underlying reason for such behaviors…

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How to Help a Highly Emotional Child Cope With Big Feelings
How to Help a Highly Emotional Child…

At any age, crying is a normal response to being overwhelmed by strong feelings, like anger, fear, stress, or even happiness. Some children, however, cry more than others. Those same children may get angry more often, feel frustrated faster, and get overly excited compared to their peers too.     The ability to regulate…

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What Does Aspiration Mean?
What Does Aspiration Mean?

Aspiration means you’re breathing foreign objects into your airways. Usually, it’s food, saliva, or stomach contents when you swallow, vomit, or experience heartburn. This is common in older adults, infants, and people who have trouble swallowing or controlling their tongues.   Most of the time aspiration won’t cause…

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How Vaccine Hesitancy Could Prolong the Pandemic
How Vaccine Hesitancy Could Prolong…

People who are refusing to get a COVID-19 vaccine could be prolonging the pandemic by contributing to spikes in cases and giving the virus more opportunities to mutate.   Medical experts estimate between 70–90 percent of the population will need to be vaccinated before we can reach “herd immunity” in the United States.…

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What is Lymphoedema?
What is Lymphoedema?

Lymphedema is a chronic disease marked by the increased collection of lymphatic fluid in the body, causing swelling, which can lead to skin and tissue changes. The chronic, progressive accumulation of protein-rich fluid within the interstitium (a contiguous fluid-filled space existing between a structural barrier, such as a cell…

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What Causes Hearing Loss?
What Causes Hearing Loss?

There are many conditions that can cause hearing loss. There are 3 categories of hearing loss that can contribute to your problems with hearing include:   Conductive hearing loss happens when sound waves cannot reach the inner ear due to a blockage of some kind, such as fluid or earwax buildup. This type of hearing loss…

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Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Disorders
Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety isn’t a pleasant sensation, so it’s only natural to avoid it if you can. One of the ways that people do this is by steering clear of the situations that make them anxious. If you have a fear of heights, you might drive three hours out of your way to avoid crossing a tall bridge. Or if the prospect of public speaking…

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Art Breaks to Ease Student Stress and Build Language Skills
Art Breaks to Ease Student Stress and…

At the Riverview School, students have long accessed the arts to express themselves in alternative ways. One such article that describes this was written by Nia Thomas, MS, CCC-SLP, Teacher of Students with Speech and Language Disabilities (TSSLD). Miss Thomas wrote;    As part of our work at this New York City…

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What is Myofascial Pain Syndrome?
What is Myofascial Pain Syndrome?

Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder. In this condition, pressure on sensitive points in your muscles (trigger points) causes pain in the muscle and sometimes in seemingly unrelated parts of your body. This is called referred pain.     This syndrome typically occurs after a muscle has been contracted repetitively.…

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What Does
What Does "Special Needs" Mean?

Special needs is an umbrella term for a wide array of diagnoses, from those that resolve quickly to those that will be a challenge for life and those that are relatively mild to those that are profound. Children with special needs may have developmental delays, medical conditions, psychiatric conditions, and/or congenital conditions.…

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What Is Ankylosing Spondylitis?
What Is Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can cause some of the small bones in your spine (vertebrae) to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture. If ribs are affected, it can be difficult to breathe deeply.   Ankylosing spondylitis affects men more…

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Ways to Work With Students Simultaneously Live and Online
Ways to Work With Students Simultaneously…

Many students and schools had to learn how to deal with the unique problems COVID-19 brought to learning. Both live and online classes had to be adjusted to fit the new reqıirements the pandemic created. To help our dear readers with this process we wanted to share with you the advise of Francine Wenhardt who is a SHA’s…

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The Effects of a Frontal Lobe Stroke
The Effects of a Frontal Lobe Stroke

The effects of a stroke can differ depending on which region of the brain is involved. If you or your loved one has had a stroke involving the frontal lobe of the brain, then you might be seeing some very noticeable effects, such as leg weakness, arm weakness, or memory loss.   The brain's frontal lobe is…

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Dyslexia Symptoms And Causes
Dyslexia Symptoms And Causes

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.   People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have…

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What Is Specific Learning Disorder?
What Is Specific Learning Disorder?

Specific learning disorder (often referred to as learning disorder or learning disability, see note on terminology) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that begins during school-age, although may not be recognized until adulthood. Learning disabilities refers to ongoing problems in one of three areas, reading, writing and math, which…

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What Is A Herniated Disk?
What Is A Herniated Disk?

A herniated disk refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (disks) that sit between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack to make your spine.   A spinal disk has a soft, jellylike center (nucleus) encased in a tougher, rubbery exterior (annulus). Sometimes called a slipped disk or a ruptured disk, a herniated…

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Subacromial Impingement Syndrome
Subacromial Impingement Syndrome

Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) refers to the inflammation and irritation of the rotator cuff tendons as they pass through the subacromial space, resulting in pain, weakness, and reduced range of motion within the shoulder.   SAIS encompasses a range of pathology including rotator cuff tendinosis, subacromial…

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When Your Child's Speech Delay Is a Red Flag
When Your Child's Speech Delay Is a…

There is a wide range of normal language development in toddlers and two-year-olds. Children hit milestones at different times, and many factors can influence how much or how clearly a child speaks.   For instance, children who live in a bilingual home may take a little longer to become fluent in either language (but in…

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What Is Shoulder Subluxation?
What Is Shoulder Subluxation?

Glenohumeral subluxation is defined as a partial or incomplete dislocation that usually stems from changes in the mechanical integrity of the joint. In a subluxation, the humeral head slips out of the glenoid cavity as a result of weakness in the rotator cuff or a blow to the shoulder area. A subluxation can occur in one of three…

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What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels.   An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks…

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How To Help Children Develop Motor Skills
How To Help Children Develop Motor…

Your child's mastery of fine-motor skills will allow him greater independence. Here are some of the skills your youngster will perfect in the preschool years.   Another area of development to encourage this year is fine motor skills—or use of the hands. Just as gross motor skills enable your child to perform important everyday…

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What Is Psychoanalytic Therapy?
What Is Psychoanalytic Therapy?

Psychoanalytic therapy is one of the most well-known treatment modalities, but it is also frequently misunderstood by mental health consumers. The goal of this therapy is to help patients better understand the unconscious forces that can play a role in their current behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. This type of therapy is based…

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Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia) of the Hip (DDH)
Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia)…

The hip is a "ball-and-socket" joint. In a normal hip, the ball at the upper end of the thighbone (femur) fits firmly into the socket, which is part of the large pelvis bone. In babies and children with developmental dysplasia (dislocation) of the hip (DDH), the hip joint has not formed normally. The ball is loose in the socket…

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What is Plantar Fasciitis?
What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis (PLAN-tur fas-e-I-tis) is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes (plantar fascia).   Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first…

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Feelings and Cancer
Feelings and Cancer

Just as cancer affects your physical health, it can bring up a wide range of feelings you’re not used to dealing with. It can also make existing feelings seem more intense. They may change daily, hourly, or even minute to minute. This is true whether you’re currently in treatment, done with treatment, or a friend or…

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How Speech and Language Therapy Can Help Children With Down Syndrome
How Speech and Language Therapy Can…

Down syndrome can make it challenging for a child to articulate their words and it can affect their ability to hear and understand.   Early language intervention via speech therapy and language therapy can make a life-changing difference.   What Is Down Syndrome?   Down syndrome, also called trisomy…

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How to Help Someone With Anxiety
How to Help Someone With Anxiety

Anxiety is a normal part of life. In fact, a healthy dose of worry is even considered protective since it alerts us to danger. However, if you notice that a friend, family member, or loved one is overly worried about things like daily tasks, their family’s safety, or situations that others see as non-threatening, this…

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What Is A Hamstring Injury?
What Is A Hamstring Injury?

A hamstring injury occurs when you strain or pull one of your hamstring muscles — the group of three muscles that run along the back of your thigh.   You may be more likely to get a hamstring injury if you play soccer, basketball, football, tennis or a similar sport that involves sprinting with sudden stops and starts. Hamstring…

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Facts About Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
Facts About Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur when a baby’s lip or mouth do not form properly during pregnancy. Together, these birth defects commonly are called “orofacial clefts”.   The lip forms between the fourth and seventh weeks of pregnancy. As a baby develops during pregnancy, body tissue and special…

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Filial Therapy: Treating Social, Emotional, And Behavioral Concerns In Children
Filial Therapy: Treating Social, Emotional,…

While most therapies require the involvement of a therapist, filial therapy is a form of child-centered play therapy which focuses on the relationship between a child and his or her parents or guardians.   Designed explicitly for children between the ages 3 to 12, filial therapy consists of therapeutic sessions in…

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An Investigation of Expressive Language Skills of Delayed Speech and Language Cases
An Investigation of Expressive Language…

Language delay (LD) is a common condition in early childhood and has variety of additional risks. Therefore, diagnosing it as soon as possible is of great importance. Expressive vocabulary is one of the most widely used measurements in the diagnosis. Diagnostic clinical decisions primarily rely on the normative data of the acquired…

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Joint Attention – What It Is And Why It Matters
Joint Attention – What It Is And…

Joint attention is a behaviour in which two people focus on an object or event, for the purpose of interacting with each other. It is a form of early social and communicative behaviour.   Joint attention involves sharing a common focus on something (such as other people, objects, a concept, or an event) with someone else.…

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Improving Preschool Children's Language and Speaking Skills
Improving Preschool Children's Language…

Many preschool children have language and speech impairments and poor communication development, and the need for support is very high. A study was conducted to find out more about this topic.                                     …

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Stuttering Is Not An Intellectual Disability
Stuttering Is Not An Intellectual Disability

Stuttering is not an intellectual disability. In order to provide our dear readers with a first person perspective on this subject, we decided to share the memories of a speech and language therapist with you who just happen to stutter.   The lady in question answered to the questions on prejudices against stuttering and…

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What is Autism?
What is Autism?

Autism is a complex, lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during early childhood and can impact a person’s social skills, communication, relationships, and self-regulation. Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum condition” that affects people differently and to varying degrees.…

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How To Prepare Your Child For Toilet Training
How To Prepare Your Child For Toilet…

Well before you start toilet training, you can prepare your child for this big step. Here are some ideas:   Start teaching your child some words for going to the toilet – for example, ‘wee’, ‘poo’ and ‘I need to go’. When you change your child’s nappy, put wet and dirty nappies in the potty – this can help…

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Toilet Training: Signs That Children Are Ready
Toilet Training: Signs That Children…

You might see signs that your child is ready for toilet training from about two years on. Some children show signs as early as 18 months, and some might be older than two years.   It might be time for toilet training if your child:   is walking and can sit for short periods of time is becoming generally more independent,…

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What Is A Torn Meniscus?
What Is A Torn Meniscus?

A torn meniscus is one of the most common knee injuries. Any activity that causes you to forcefully twist or rotate your knee, especially when putting your full weight on it, can lead to a torn meniscus.   Each of your knees has two C-shaped pieces of cartilage that act like a cushion between your shinbone and your thighbone…

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Things to Know About the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Things to Know About the Carpal Tunnel…

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by pressure on the median nerve. The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway surrounded by bones and ligaments on the palm side of your hand. When the median nerve is compressed, the symptoms can include numbness, tingling and weakness in the hand and arm.   The anatomy of your wrist, health problems…

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Things You Should Know About the Language Disorder Aphesia
Things You Should Know About the Language…

Aphasia is a language disorder that happens when you have brain damage. Your brain has two halves. Language skills are in the left half of the brain in most people. Damage on that side of your brain may lead to language problems. Damage on the right side of your brain may cause other problems, like poor attention or memory.…

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What is Hoarding Disorder?
What is Hoarding Disorder?

Hoarding disorder is a persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save them. A person with hoarding disorder experiences distress at the thought of getting rid of the items. Excessive accumulation of items, regardless of actual value, occurs.   Hoarding often creates such cramped…

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Why Am I Angry?
Why Am I Angry?

So, you’ve come around to the idea that you may have an anger management problem.   It wasn’t the easiest thing for you to come to terms with—and a part of you may still be a little skeptical.   But lately even the small things are enough to set you off. And now more and more people in your life have been telling…

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What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity…

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder that affects how you pay attention, sit still, and control your behavior. It happens in children and teens and can continue into adulthood.   ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder in children. Boys are more likely to have…

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Early Identification of Speech, Language, and Hearing Disorders
Early Identification of Speech, Language,…

Children develop at their own rate. Some children walk and talk early. Others take longer. Most children learn skills within an age range, such as between 12 and 18 months. A child who takes longer to learn a skill may have a problem. It is important that you know what to expect. Below are some signs of speech, language, and hearing…

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What is Patellar Tendinitis (Jumper's Knee) ?
What is Patellar Tendinitis (Jumper's…

Patellar tendinitis (jumper's knee) is an injury to the tendon connecting your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone. The patellar tendon works with the muscles at the front of your thigh to extend your knee so that you can kick, run and jump.   Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper's knee, is most common in athletes…

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Sleep Needs
Sleep Needs

The quality of your sleep at night directly affects your mental and physical health and how well you feel during the day. Sleep impacts your productivity, emotional balance, brain and heart health, immune function, creativity, vitality, and even your weight. No other activity delivers so many benefits with so little effort!  …

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Tips for Teaching Your Child About Phonemes
Tips for Teaching Your Child About…

As the parent of a young child, you probably have a sense that you should help your child learn the letters of the alphabet. As the foundation for all written words, letters are important because they are the symbols for the small actions your mouth makes as you say words. What's equally important, however, is that your child learns…

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Frequently Asked Questions About Voice Therapy
Frequently Asked Questions About Voice…

Voice therapy has been demonstrated to be effective for hoarseness across the lifespan from children to older adults (Ramig & Verdolini, 1998; Thomas & Stemple, 2007). Voice therapy is the first line of treatment for vocal fold lesions like vocal nodules, polyps, or cysts (Anderson & Sataloff, 2002; Johns, 2003. These…

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What is exposure therapy?
What is exposure therapy?

Exposure therapy is a type of behavioral therapy that can help treat various phobias and anxiety disorders.   With the guidance of a therapist, a person will face their fears and anxieties in a safe setting, either in their imagination or in a real life scenario.   This article looks at how exposure therapy works, some…

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What is Frozen Shoulder?
What is Frozen Shoulder?

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in your shoulder joint. Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within one to three years.   Your risk of developing frozen shoulder increases if you're recovering from a medical…

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Three Ways to Bring Mindfulness Into Therapy
Three Ways to Bring Mindfulness Into…

Mindfulness is now the fastest-developing area in mental health.   Many therapists have come to regard cultivating moment-to-moment awareness as a curative mechanism that transcends diagnosis, addresses underlying causes of suffering, and serves as an active ingredient in most effective psychotherapies. The clinical value of mindfulness…

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What is Down Syndrome?
What is Down Syndrome?

Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small “packages” of genes in the body. They determine how a baby’s body forms during pregnancy and how the baby’s body functions as it grows in the womb and after birth. Typically, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies with Down…

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Language and Speech Disorders in Children
Language and Speech Disorders in Children

Children are born ready to learn a language, but they need to learn the language or languages that their family and environment use. Learning a language takes time, and children vary in how quickly they master milestones in language and speech development. Typically developing children may have trouble with…

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Top Gadgets That Make Traveling Easier When You Have Rheumatoid Arthritis
Top Gadgets That Make Traveling Easier…

When you have rheumatoid arthritis, symptoms like joint pain and stiffness can make traveling difficult. Getting the gas cap off your car can be hard when your fingers are stiff, standing in long security lines can be hard on your knees, and sitting on an airplane for extended periods may bother your neck.   But there’s no…

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EFL In Classroom
EFL In Classroom

With Jenga Balance game learning can be fun and educational. Children love to play games so why not make sure they have a fun time and improve their English at the same time. This article was written to inform our dear readers about a way to achieve such a goal. Jenga!   This is a good game that can be used with children who…

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10 Emotional Needs to Consider in Relationships
10 Emotional Needs to Consider in Relationships

Everyone has emotional needs.   Consider basic survival needs like water, air, food, and shelter. Meeting these physical needs means you can stay alive, but it takes more to give life meaning.   You can’t see or touch things like companionship, affection, security, or appreciation, but they’re just as valuable. The…

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What is Fibromyalgia?
What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain and spinal cord process painful and nonpainful signals.   Symptoms often begin after an event,…

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What is Osteoarthritis?
What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time.   Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.  …

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What is Occupational Therapy?
What is Occupational Therapy?

Life is made up of meaningful everyday activities or occupations, such as walking the dog, gardening, preparing a meal, painting, doing the laundry and playing games. Occupations are part of life; they describe who we are and how we feel about ourselves. Occupations help bring meaning to life. When we cannot participate in daily…

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What Is Somatic Symptom Disorder?
What Is Somatic Symptom Disorder?

Somatic symptom disorder is characterized by an extreme focus on physical symptoms — such as pain or fatigue — that causes major emotional distress and problems functioning. You may or may not have another diagnosed medical condition associated with these symptoms, but your reaction to the symptoms is not normal.   You…

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CHILDHOOD TRAUMATIC GRIEF
CHILDHOOD TRAUMATIC GRIEF

Children of all ages grieve after the death of a family member, friend, or other important person. Grieving children can show a range of emotions and reactions. Sometimes they appear sad and talk about missing the person. Other times they play, interact with friends, and do their usual activities. In addition to intense sadness,…

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Eating Disorder in Occupational Therapy
Eating Disorder in Occupational Therapy

An eating disorder is defined as a whole of cases that lead to insufficient or excessive food consumption due to a disorder caused by a person's mental or emotional state. Currently, this condition, observed in 1 out of 59 children, also leads to 5 times more gastrointestinal disorders in children. The most common types are known…

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Rejection
Rejection

Rejection can be defined as the act of pushing someone or something away. One may experience rejection from one's family of origin, a friend, or a romantic partner, and the resulting emotions can often be painful.   Rejection can be experienced on a large scale or in small ways in everyday life. While rejection is typically…

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5 Coping Strategies for Intrusive Thoughts
5 Coping Strategies for Intrusive Thoughts

Have you ever had a time when a negative intrusive thought made it difficult for you to focus on a task? If you only had the thought one time, it probably wasn't a huge deal. However, when a negative thought starts to occur more frequently, it can prevent you from doing your best work. Constant unwanted thoughts that…

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What Is the Impact of Prolonged Stress?
What Is the Impact of Prolonged Stress?

Prolonged stress, also known as chronic stress, is a long-term physiological response that can have serious health consequences if it is not treated. The impact of prolonged stress can include both physical and mental health conditions.   When people experience stress, the fight or flight response causes the…

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Coping with Grief and Loss
Coping with Grief and Loss

There is no right or wrong way to grieve, but there are healthy ways to deal with the grieving process. These tips can help.   What is grief?   Grief is a natural response to loss. It’s the emotional suffering you feel when something or someone you love is taken away. Often, the pain of loss can feel overwhelming. You…

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What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?
What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy…

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that have a negative influence on behavior and emotions.   Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on changing the automatic negative thoughts that can contribute…

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Ask a Therapist: How Do I Help My Kids Cope With the Stress of the Pandemic?
Ask a Therapist: How Do I Help My Kids…

Remote learning is really tough on kids. Not seeing friends and not being able to participate in fun activities must be really sad, too. The message you send to your kids about the situation and their ability to handle it makes a big difference in their ability to get through it.    If you say things like, “This is awful!…

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Bilingual Households and Speech Delays in Children
Bilingual Households and Speech Delays…

Does growing up in a bilingual household create speech delays in children? The answer in the short term appears to be yes. Over the long term, however, children from bilingual homes tend to bounce back and may even derive special advantages from growing up in a household where both English and another language are spoken.  …

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How can you develop certain behaviors in your children?
How can you develop certain behaviors…

Parents are responsible of providing kids with the necessary opportunities to develop inner strength so that they can move from infancy into adulthood in a healthy manner. We identified the characteristics that children should learn before reaching adulthood and independence: responsibility, satisfaction, appreciation, self-control,…

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7 Ways to Deal With Negative Thoughts
7 Ways to Deal With Negative Thoughts

Most of us spend a lot of time inside our own mind — worrying about the future, replaying events in the past, and generally focusing on the parts of life that leave us dissatisfied. While common, negative or unwanted thoughts can prevent you from enjoying experiences, distract you from focusing on what's important, and…

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How to Minimize Morning Anxiety
How to Minimize Morning Anxiety

Many people with an anxiety disorder wake up feeling so worried and full of dread that they just want to curl up under the covers and not face the day ahead. Try not to get discouraged, as there are a host of ways to minimize morning anxiety and wake up excited to start the new day.   Tips for Reducing Morning…

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Child Sexual Abuse and What We Know Wrong
Child Sexual Abuse and What We Know…

  Sexual abuse towards children and adolescents is an absolute truth.   Misperception about child sexual abuse (CSA) is the thought  that it is a situation performed by males who live  in the poor areas of the cities towards girls.   On the contrary, this incident happens in small and large communities and…

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Dystonia Symptoms, Causes and Complications
Dystonia Symptoms, Causes and Complications

Dystonia is a movement disorder in which your muscles contract involuntarily, causing repetitive or twisting movements. The condition can affect one part of your body (focal dystonia), two or more adjacent parts (segmental dystonia) or all parts of your body (general dystonia). The muscle spasms can range from mild to severe. They…

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5 Ways to Build Language Skills in Your Little Ones
5 Ways to Build Language Skills in…

  Long before your baby starts talking, she’s already building the language center in her brain. There are things you can do right from the start to give her lots of comprehensible input so she will have all the tools she needs. Read on and you’ll know how to build language skills in infants — well, mostly.…

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How to sleep better?
How to sleep better?

Sleep is one of life’s greatest gifts and it does wonders for our mental and physical health. However, sleep can be complicated especially since insufficient sleep is a public epidemic, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).1 Sleep takes up a third of our life and it has a tremendous impact on how…

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What is play therapy?
What is play therapy?

Play therapy is a form of therapy used primarily for children. That’s because children may not be able to process their own emotions or articulate problems to parents or other adults. While it may look like an ordinary playtime, play therapy can be much more than that. A trained therapist can use playtime to observe and gain insights…

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What Is Social Communication Disorder?
What Is Social Communication Disorder?

Social communication disorder (SCD) is characterized by difficulties in using language to communicate effectively with other people. Because the symptoms of SCD are also common in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it can be difficult to get an accurate diagnosis. Autism spectrum disorder must be ruled out before…

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Anger, Irritability and Aggression in Kids
Anger, Irritability and Aggression…

Overview Nobody likes to feel angry, but we all experience the emotion from time to time. Given that many adults find it hard to express anger in ways that are healthy and productive, it’s unsurprising that angry feelings often bubble into outbursts for children. Most parents find  themselves wondering what to do…

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Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder

Overview Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. Most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary…

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6 Important Things to Know About Autism
6 Important Things to Know About Autism

If you're the parent of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), you're likely well-informed about its symptoms and implications. However, other people in your child's life—relatives, friends, and teachers—may not know much about ASD and therefore may make assumptions. It can be frustrating when people have misconceptions,…

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Illness anxiety disorder
Illness anxiety disorder

Overview Illness anxiety disorder, sometimes called hypochondriasis or health anxiety, is worrying excessively that you are or may become seriously ill. You may have no physical symptoms. Or you may believe that normal body sensations or minor symptoms are signs of severe illness, even though a thorough medical exam doesn't reveal…

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ADHD symptoms at different ages
ADHD symptoms at different ages

It’s not always easy to spot ADHD symptoms. That’s partly because everyone acts in ways that can look like ADHD from time to time. But kids and adults with ADHD (also known as ADD) struggle a lot more with these behaviors than other people their age. Kids and adults with ADHD often: Have trouble focusing…

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5 Types of Learning Difficulties
5 Types of Learning Difficulties

A learning difficulty is a condition that can cause an individual to experience problems in a traditional classroom learning context. It may interfere with literacy skills development and math/maths and can also affect memory, ability to focus and organizational skills. A child or adult with a learning difficulty may require additional…

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Understanding the Three Levels of Autism
Understanding the Three Levels of Autism

Anyone who meets the criteria for having autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will be further diagnosed as having ASD level 1, ASD level 2, or ASD level 3, according to criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5).1 These levels are based on…

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What is selective mutism?
What is selective mutism?

What is selective mutism? Selective mutism is when a child can’t speak in certain settings, but can speak fine in others. For example, a child may not be able to speak at school, but can speak with no problem at home. It is called selective mutism because the child is only mute in select situations. It’s a rare childhood condition.…

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Child Sexual Abuse
Child Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse toward children and adolescents is a stark reality worldwide. A common misperception about child sexual abuse (CSA) is that it is a rare event perpetrated against girls by male strangers in poor, inner-city areas. To the contrary, CSA is a much too common occurrence that results in harm to millions of children, boys…

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Separation anxiety disorder
Separation anxiety disorder

Separation anxiety is a normal stage of development for infants and toddlers. Young children often experience a period of separation anxiety, but most children outgrow separation anxiety by about 3 years of age. In some children, separation anxiety is a sign of a more serious condition known as separation anxiety disorder, starting…

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Using Physical Therapy Autism Treatment
Using Physical Therapy Autism Treatment

People on the autism spectrum have delays, differences or disorders in many areas. In addition to developmental delays, most have low muscle tone and experience difficulty with gross motor coordination (running, kicking, throwing, etc.). These issues can interfere with basic day-to-day functioning, and they're almost certain…

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 Voice Conservation & Vocal Hygiene
Voice Conservation & Vocal Hygiene

What is vocal hygiene? Your voice, and the body mechanisms that produce voice, are meant to last a lifetime. But the vocal mechanism cannot tolerate excessive wear and tear. There are good habits –– things you can do to take care of your voice. The following suggestions are meant to guide you in taking care of your voice and…

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Big Five What Are the Big Five Dimensions of Personality?
Big Five What Are the Big Five Dimensions…

Today, many researchers believe that there are five core personality traits. Evidence of this theory has been growing for many years, beginning with the research of D. W. Fiske (1949) and later expanded upon by other researchers including Norman (1967), Smith (1967), Goldberg (1981), and McCrae & Costa (1987). The "big five"…

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5 ways improve your relationship starting now
5 ways improve your relationship starting…

Key Points: Complacency puts relationships at risk; they require constant tending. Keep the spark alive with expressions of love and trying new things together. Put the past behind you and live in the moment with your partner. All human relationships are complex, but especially those relationships we choose to have with that one…

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What is Literacy?
What is Literacy?

Literacy refers to any reading or writing skills.  Children with speech and language delays often have difficulty with literacy skills as well.  Children who have difficulty pronouncing or understanding certain speech sounds may have difficulty with reading and writing those sounds as well.  This can lead to trouble…

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Physical Therapy for Cerebral Palsy: Goals, Exercises, and Long-Term Effectiveness
Physical Therapy for Cerebral Palsy:…

Physical therapy plays an essential role in the management of cerebral palsy. It helps individuals improve their motor functions through targeted exercises. Goals of Physical Therapy for Cerebral Palsy Because cerebral palsy encompasses a wide range of neurological motor impairments at varying severities, a personalized exercise…

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What Is Receptive Language Disorder?
What Is Receptive Language Disorder?

Receptive language disorder is a type of communication disorder. People who have it often don’t understand what others say. They struggle with the meaning of language and may respond in ways that don’t make sense. But their challenges aren’t related to hearing loss or intelligence. Snapshot: What Receptive Language Disorder…

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What Is The Difference Between Autism And Cerebral Palsy?
What Is The Difference Between Autism…

Although some children with cerebral palsy (CP) also have autism, the two conditions are not the same. Both can affect language, but for different reasons. Children with CP may have difficulty speaking due to a lack of motor control that is caused by brain damage. In contrast, autistic children may have trouble communicating due…

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What’s the Difference Between Dyspraxia and Apraxia?
What’s the Difference Between Dyspraxia…

I’ve heard two words used to describe my daughter’s trouble making speech sounds: dyspraxia and apraxia. Is there a difference between the two ? This is a good question. If your child has trouble pronouncing words, you may have heard the terms childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and verbal dyspraxia. Both conditions…

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Perfectionism
Perfectionism

WHAT IS PERFECTIONISM? Perfectionism is often defined as the need to be or appear to be perfect, or even to believe that it’s possible to achieve perfection. It is typically viewed as a positive trait rather than a flaw. People may use the term “healthy perfectionism” to describe or justify perfectionistic behavior. …

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Social and emotional skills: What to expect at different ages
Social and emotional skills: What to…

When do kids gain social and emotional skills? Children start developing them as babies, and new skills emerge as they get older. Not all kids develop at the same pace. But there are some milestones you can expect kids to meet around roughly the same age. See this list of social and emotional milestones at different ages. Infants…

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Cerebral Palsy Diet: Foods to Optimize Growth and Development
Cerebral Palsy Diet: Foods to Optimize…

An optimal cerebral palsy diet should fulfill your child’s nutrition needs and help minimize the effects of secondary complications. Cerebral palsy is a developmental disorder, meaning that it affects individuals at a very young age. Children need sufficient nutrition to promote growth and development. A healthy diet also improves…

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6 Tips for a Happier Mind
6 Tips for a Happier Mind

It turns out that a wandering mind is an unhappy mind. And these days our minds are always off somewhere. There’s a lot to think about—politics, pandemics, extreme weather, oh my! According to a Harvard study conducted by Dr. Matt Killingsworth, our minds wander around 46.9 percent of the time, regardless of what activity we’re…

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Warning signs of DCD/Dyspraxia?
Warning signs of DCD/Dyspraxia?

DCD is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects social functioning, self-care activities, school functioning, academics, leisure activities, sports, and play. Hence a child with DCD or Dyspraxia is likely to present with: History of sucking and swallowing difficulties in the first year of life Delayed motor milestones of being…

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Activities for Kids with Cerebral Palsy: Fun Ways to Promote Movement
Activities for Kids with Cerebral Palsy:…

The best activities for kids with cerebral palsy will encourage them to move around and use their more affected body parts and movements. Cerebral palsy should not prevent your child from participating in most activities. More often than not, your child just has to learn how to adjust the activity to accommodate their functional…

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Warning Signs of Dyspraxia
Warning Signs of Dyspraxia

‘Limitations are but boundaries created inside our minds’ is a saying in Eastern philosophy. This saying is very true in more than one sense when it comes to Dyspraxia or DCD (Developmental Coordination Disorder). DCD is the medical term for Dyspraxia. In essence, DCD means difficulty in planning, organising or…

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Mindfulness exercises
Mindfulness exercises

Mindfulness exercises See how mindfulness helps you live in the moment. If you've heard of or read about mindfulness meditation — also known as mindfulness — you might be curious about how to practice it. Find out how to do mindfulness exercises and how they might benefit you. What is mindfulness? Mindfulness is a type of meditation…

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Top 10 strategies to manage behaviour problems in children with Autism and ADHD
Top 10 strategies to manage behaviour…

Behaviours that challenge or challenging behaviours in our child are part of life. However, overcoming them can bring satisfaction, happiness and add meaning to life. As I explained in my previous article, ‘Top 10 causes of behaviour problems in children with Autism and ADHD’, that there is always a reason for every behaviour.…

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Best Sports for Cerebral Palsy: Safety, Benefits, and Inclusion
Best Sports for Cerebral Palsy: Safety,…

The best sports for cerebral palsy are the ones that keep your child active and safe. Cerebral palsy is a movement disability that can vary from mild to severe. Everyone experiences cerebral palsy differently and therefore, has different levels of mobility. Some individuals may be able to walk, while others may need to use a wheelchair.…

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A day in the life of a child with receptive language disorder
A day in the life of a child with receptive…

Meet Malcolm, a kindergartner with receptive language disorder. He’s a bright kid, but he has trouble understanding what people say. This impacts almost every aspect of his day. To see how receptive language disorder can impact kids, take a look at a typical day in Malcolm’s life. 7:30 a.m. Grandma is trying to get Malcolm…

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Do You Live with Anxiety? Here Are 11 Ways to Cope
Do You Live with Anxiety? Here Are…

  Breathe: There are ways to calm your anxiety Know that feeling of your heart beating faster in response to a stressful situation? Or perhaps, instead, your palms get sweaty when you’re confronted with an overwhelming task or event. That’s anxiety — our body’s natural response to stress. If you haven’t…

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What’s the Difference Between a Speech Impairment and a Language Disorder?
What’s the Difference Between a Speech…

We often hear the words speech and language used interchangeably. They might mean the same thing when we’re talking casually about communication. But in the medical community, they have very different meanings. Speech refers to the actual sound of spoken language. It’s the oral form of communicating.…

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6 essential skills for reading comprehension
6 essential skills for reading comprehension

At a Glance Reading comprehension can be challenging for kids. Kids must master a number of key skills, like decoding, to fully understand what they’re reading. There are ways to help struggling readers build these skills at home and at school. Some people think of the act of reading as a straightforward task that’s easy to…

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Say it’s almost bedtime and your child picks out a book to read together.
Say it’s almost bedtime and your…

Say it’s almost bedtime and your child picks out a book to read together. A few pages in, your child stops, points to one of the words, and asks what ship means. You explain that a ship is a big boat as you mentally add it to the list of words you’re surprised your child doesn’t know.  As babies and toddlers,…

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Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

Overview Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that's related to changes in seasons — SAD begins and ends at about the same times every year. If you're like most people with SAD, your symptoms start in the fall and continue into the winter months, sapping your energy and making you feel moody. Less often, SAD…

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Yoga For Children With Autism
Yoga For Children With Autism

What is Autism? Autism Spectrum Disorder (also known as ASD) is a range of highly complex, lifelong developmental difficulties which affect how a child (or adult) relates to and communicates with other people and how he or she sees the world around them. It is a spectrum condition, which means that although two children with autism…

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What Is Asperger Syndrome?
What Is Asperger Syndrome?

Asperger syndrome, or Asperger’s, is a previously used diagnosis on the autism spectrum. In 2013, it became part of one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5). Typical to strong verbal language skills and intellectual ability distinguish…

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fact Sheet
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fact Sheet

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. The carpal tunnel—a narrow, rigid passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand—houses the median nerve and the tendons that bend the fingers. The median nerve…

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Effective communication and teenagers
Effective communication and teenagers

It’s often said that communication is the key to a healthy relationship. While it might sound like tired advice, it’s a skill worth learning that will help us do better in all our relationships. As your child grows up, the way you communicate with them will need to change to reflect the new boundaries in your relationship created…

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Toxic Relationships: How to Identify Them
Toxic Relationships: How to Identify…

Toxic relationships can be found everywhere in daily life…at the office and unfortunately sometimes in our homes. Most of the time these type of people ruin our mood and day.   Toxic by its very definition means poisonous.  Since I assume you are smart enough not to just have a cup of poison with your breakfast…

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Autism and exercise: Are there special benefits?
Autism and exercise: Are there special…

Jasper, a surfer in our “Surfing on the Spectrum” summer camp, takes a wave. I recently published the results of my team’s meta-analysis of 29 studies looking at the benefits of exercise among more than a thousand young people on the autism spectrum. In a meta-analysis, we combine the findings of multiple…

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Coordination and motor skills: What to expect at different ages
Coordination and motor skills: What…

When do kids start using crayons? Tying shoes? Riding a bike? All kids develop coordination and motor skills at slightly different rates. But kids tend to reach certain milestones at certain ages. See when kids typically develop coordination and motor skills. Infants and babies By 2 months Begin to push up when on tummy Start making…

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Why is Social-Emotional Development Important for Children?
Why is Social-Emotional Development…

Social-emotional development is an essential part of your child’s overall development process. As children grow, many situations arise that lead to emotional outbursts. Social-emotional development in early childhood helps them face challenges in life and build long-lasting relationships. It has been observed that children…

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Learning Disabilities and Disorders
Learning Disabilities and Disorders

What are learning disabilities? Learning disabilities or learning disorders are umbrella terms for a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation and kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are…

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Social-Emotional Development in School-Going Children
Social-Emotional Development in School-Going…

Social-emotional development is a very important part of the growing up years of children. It forms an integral part of their overall development. Studies suggest that social-emotional development takes place gradually starting from the early childhood days. Therefore, parents have a crucial role in the development of social-emotional…

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13 Brain Exercises to Help Keep You Mentally Sharp
13 Brain Exercises to Help Keep You…

The brain is involved in everything we do and, like any other part of the body, it needs to be cared for too. Exercising the brain to improve memory, focus, or daily functionality is a top priority for many people, especially as they get older. That said, people of all ages can benefit from incorporating a few simple brain exercises…

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Helping your child deal with peer pressure and bullying
Helping your child deal with peer pressure…

Friends can influence a child’s attitudes and behaviors in ways that matter across multiple domains of mental and physical health and well-being. Consider two scenarios. First, your kid wants a certain kind of school bag. Second, when he doesn’t want to go to school without that school bag as his fellow classmates and peers…

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Feeding and Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)
Feeding and Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)

What Is Dysphagia? Dysphagia means difficulty with feeding or swallowing. It is a symptom, not a disease. Oral dysphagia refers to problems with using the mouth, lips and tongue to control food or liquid. Pharyngeal dysphagia refers to problems in the throat during swallowing. Dysphagia may lead to aspiration (where food or…

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Using a Word Web to Expand Vocabulary
Using a Word Web to Expand Vocabulary

This article focuses on how you can use a word web to expand the vocabulary of an elementary school-aged child (5-10 years) but these techniques can be used for older or younger children as well with some minor adaptations.  This article presents a word web for mapping out a new word and as well as a word web for themed vocabulary.…

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Brain Exercises and Dementia
Brain Exercises and Dementia

Can you help your brain stay healthy as you age by doing things that challenge your mind? Could that also help you avoid memory loss, or even prevent or delay dementia such as Alzheimer's? Scientists need to do more research to find out for sure. But a number of studies show there are benefits to staying mentally…

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Suitable for 1-6 years Self-regulation in young children
Suitable for 1-6 years Self-regulation…

Suitable for 1-6 years Self-regulation in young children Key points         Self-regulation is the ability to understand and manage your own behaviour and reactions.         Self-regulation is important for development. For example, it helps children with learning and social…

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How to work speech and language into your bedtime routine
How to work speech and language into…

If you’re like most parents of children with speech and language delays, you would probably love to work on your child’s communication skills more but don’t have the time.  Here are some fun ways to work speech and language skills into the bedtime routine you do every day. Bath Time Labeling objects: Take time while giving…

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12 WAYS TO PUSH YOURSELF OUT OF YOUR COMFORT ZONE EVERY DAY
12 WAYS TO PUSH YOURSELF OUT OF YOUR…

It's much easier to remain within the boundaries of where you feel comfortable than it is to face the fear of venturing beyond them. But by limiting yourself to what you already know, you're likely missing out on professional opportunities, life experiences, and personal growth. Want to get out of your safe cocoon but don't know…

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Social Stories for Social Interactions
Social Stories for Social Interactions

Another area that is difficult for many children with language delays is navigating social interactions.  Our children don’t understand why people do and say the things they do and they don’t understand what is expected of them.  This is especially true of children on the autism spectrum but these children are helped…

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Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurologic disorder that causes the brain to shrink (atrophy) and brain cells to die. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia — a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills that affects a person's ability to function independently. Approximately 5.8 million…

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What are the Causes for Autism?
What are the Causes for Autism?

ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a condition that is mainly characterised by deficits in social and communication skills, and restricted or repetitive patterns of behaviour such as hand flapping, lining up of toys, or even showing resistance to changes. The symptoms appear very early in childhood, usually between 18 to 24 months,…

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3 Things You Should Know About Echolalia
3 Things You Should Know About Echolalia

Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use echolalia, which means they repeat others’ words or sentences. They might repeat the words of familiar people (parents, teachers), or they might repeat sentences from their favourite video. When children repeat words right after they hear them, it’s known as immediate…

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Dementia
Dementia

Dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement.…

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Emotional Eating and How to Stop It
Emotional Eating and How to Stop It

Emotional Eating and How to Stop It   What is emotional eating? We don’t always eat just to satisfy physical hunger. Many of us also turn to food for comfort, stress relief, or to reward ourselves. And when we do, we tend to reach for junk food, sweets, and other comforting but unhealthy foods. You might reach for a pint…

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Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels. An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your…

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Working on Speech and Language During Meals
Working on Speech and Language During…

Are you interested in working on your child’s speech and language skills but don’t have the time to do it?  Here are some fun ways you can work on speech and language during meals and snacks that you have every day! Speech and Language During Meals #1: Request Foods You can have your child work on requesting objects by…

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8 Tips for Developing Positive Relationships
8 Tips for Developing Positive Relationships

1. Accept and celebrate differences. One of the biggest challenges we experience in relationships is that we are all different. We can perceive the world in many ways. Certainly astumbling block that we come across when we try to build relationships is a desire or an expectation that people will think like we do and, in this…

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Primary Progressive Aphasia
Primary Progressive Aphasia

Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is a neurological syndrome in which language capabilities become slowly and progressively impaired. Unlike other forms of aphasia that result from stroke or brain injury, PPA is caused by neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s Disease or Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration. PPA results…

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Wernicke’s (Receptive) Aphasia
Wernicke’s (Receptive) Aphasia

In Wernicke’s aphasia, the ability to grasp the meaning of spoken words and sentences is impaired, while the ease of producing connected speech is not very affected. Therefore Wernicke’s aphasia is also referred to as ‘fluent aphasia’ or ‘receptive aphasia’. Reading and writing are often severely impaired. As in…

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Lupus
Lupus

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect many different parts of the body. If you have lupus, the body's immune system attacks its own normal cells. There are many different types of lupus: Systemic lupus erythematosus (also known as SLE) can affect almost any organ or system. Discoid lupus is generally milder, with…

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11 Anger Management Strategies to Help You Calm Down
11 Anger Management Strategies to Help…

Failing to manage your anger can lead to a variety of problems like saying things you regret, yelling at your kids, threatening your co-workers, sending rash emails, developing health problems, or even resorting to physical violence. But not all anger issues are that serious. Instead, your anger might involve wasting time thinking…

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What is Functional Communication?
What is Functional Communication?

Functional communication refers to the most basic of communication skills.  This type of communication gets one’s basic wants and needs known, such as “I want that”, “I am hurt”, or “I need to use the bathroom”.  These are not complex thoughts and they are often the first types of messages that children begin…

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Broca’s (Expressive) Aphasia
Broca’s (Expressive) Aphasia

Individuals with Broca’s aphasia have trouble speaking fluently but their comprehension can be relatively preserved. This type of aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia. Patients have difficulty producing grammatical sentences and their speech is limited mainly to short utterances of less than…

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What Is Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease ?
What Is Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease…

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).     In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can…

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Special Playtime
Special Playtime

Special playtime is a chance for you to focus on your child’s good behaviors and build a strong, nurturing relationship. You can use the time to actively listen and practice praising, imitating, and describing your child’s behavior. The more you practice the skills, the easier it is to use them in everyday situations. Toys and…

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Global Aphasia
Global Aphasia

Global Aphasia is the most severe form of aphasia and is applied to patients who can produce few recognizable words and understand little or no spoken language. Persons with Global Aphasia can neither read nor write. Like in other milder forms of aphasia, individuals can have fully preserved intellectual and cognitive capabilities…

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Should You Ice or Heat an injury?
Should You Ice or Heat an injury?

Ice Treatment Ice treatment is most commonly used for acute injuries. If you have had a recent injury (within the last 48 hours) where swelling is a problem, you should be using ice. Ice packs can help minimize swelling around the injury, reduce bleeding into the tissues, and reduce muscle spasm and pain. Ice packs are often used…

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Panic attacks and panic disorder
Panic attacks and panic disorder

Overview A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. Panic attacks can be very frightening. When panic attacks occur, you might think you're losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. Many people have just one or two panic attacks…

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The Aphasia Quiz – Answers
The Aphasia Quiz – Answers

1.  Most people are familiar with aphasia. FALSE – Most people have never heard of aphasia. The general public frequently misinterprets the difficulties an individual with aphasia is experiencing and may react as though the person is psychologically ill or mentally retarded. Feelings of social isolation with…

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Scoliosis
Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis. Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine…

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What Are Memory and Cognition?
What Are Memory and Cognition?

Memory refers to a child’s ability to recall certain information in a timely and efficient manner.  Children with language or cognitive impairments often have trouble with the memory components of learning new language skills and being able to use them on command. Cognition refers to a child’s ability to think and analyze.…

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How to manage and reduce stress
How to manage and reduce stress

What is stress? Stress is a feeling of being under abnormal pressure. This pressure can come from different aspects of your day to day life. Such as an increased workload, a transitional period, an argument you have with your family or new and existing financial worries. You may find that it has a cumulative effect, with each stressor…

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Communication-Based Behavior Problems
Communication-Based Behavior Problems

Communication-Based Behavior Problems In this episode, I discuss: – The connection between tantrums and behavior problems and the inability to communicate.  Many children with speech and language delays have trouble with behaviors, you are not alone! – Behaviors commonly seen in children who can’t communicate include…

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Everything to know about spondyloarthritis
Everything to know about spondyloarthritis

Spondyloarthritis is an umbrella term that describes different types of arthritis. These types mainly affect the spine, but they can also cause symptoms in other parts of the body. There has been some debate about whether spondyloarthritis is an autoimmune condition or an autoinflammatory condition. However, recent research suggests…

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What is Positive Parenting?
What is Positive Parenting?

Positive parenting is focused on developing a strong, deeply committed relationship between parent and child based on communication and mutual respect. Positive Parenting focuses on teaching children not just what but also why. Positive parenting means training children toward self-control.   There are three major components…

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About Teletherapy
About Teletherapy

Teletherapy is therapy that is provided over a secure video connection. TherapyWorks provides speech, feeding, occupational and physical therapies along with social work via telehealth.  Research tells us that teletherapy is highly effective and feels very much the same as in-person sessions. TherapyWorks therapists are…

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What is the PROMPT method?
What is the PROMPT method?

What is the PROMPT method? Sometimes people ask “What is PROMPT therapy?” PROMPT stands for Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets. PROMPT is a highly successful treatment method for children with motor speech disorders such as apraxia or dysarthria. Adults with similar conditions…

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What is generalized anxiety disorder?
What is generalized anxiety disorder?

What is generalized anxiety disorder? People who have generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, worry uncontrollably about common occurrences and situations. It’s also sometimes known as chronic anxiety neurosis. GAD is different from normal feelings of anxiousness. It’s common to feel anxious about the things happening in your…

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What is Guillain-Barré syndrome?
What is Guillain-Barré syndrome?

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare but serious autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks healthy nerve cells in your peripheral nervous system (PNS). This leads to weakness, numbness, and tingling, and can eventually cause paralysis. The cause of this condition is unknown, but it’s typically triggered by an infectious…

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What Is Straightening of the Normal Cervical Lordosis? Can It Cause Problems?
What Is Straightening of the Normal…

The fact that the neck has a normal curve is an important and often overlooked issue. In many patients with neck pain, this curve goes away, leading to biomechanical problems that can cause degenerated discs. Now a new study shows that it can also cause decreased blood flow to the back of the brain. What Is Straightening of the…

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KidsHealth / for Teens / Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
KidsHealth / for Teens / Obsessive-Compulsive…

What Happens in OCD? OCD causes the brain to create repetitive worries and fears. These worries, fears and "bad thoughts" can pop up in the brain and might be hard to get rid of. People who have OCD feel they can't stop thinking about worries like these: someone might get sick, hurt, or die things might be germy or dirty something…

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What Is Agoraphobia?
What Is Agoraphobia?

What Is Agoraphobia? Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes people to avoid places and situations that might cause them to feel: trapped helpless panicked embarrassed scared People with agoraphobia often have symptoms of a panic attack, such as a rapid heartbeat and nausea, when they find themselves in a stressful…

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How Does Text Neck Cause Pain?
How Does Text Neck Cause Pain?

Text neck describes a repetitive stress injury or overuse syndrome in the neck, caused by prolonged use of mobile devices with the head bent downward and not moving. Also called tech neck, text neck is commonly associated with texting, but it can be related to many activities performed on phones and tablets while looking downward,…

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What to Say When Your Child Says “I Can’t Do It”
What to Say When Your Child Says “I…

All kids have things they do well and things that are hard for them. And most kids have moments when they say, “I can’t do it!” or “That’s too hard!” What can you say when your child makes these kinds of comments? Here are three ideas. 1. “I know this is hard for you.” Don’t shy away from tough conversations. Your…

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What Is Self-Esteem?
What Is Self-Esteem?

What Is Self-Esteem? Self-esteem means feeling good about yourself. People with self-esteem: feel liked and accepted are proud of what they do believe in themselves People with low self-esteem: feel bad about themselves are hard on themselves think they are not good enough Where Does Self-Esteem Come From? Parents,…

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What Is Social Anxiety Disorder?
What Is Social Anxiety Disorder?

What Is Social Anxiety Disorder? Social anxiety disorder, sometimes referred to as social phobia, is a type of anxiety disorder that causes extreme fear in social settings. People with this disorder have trouble talking to people, meeting new people, and attending social gatherings. They fear being judged or scrutinized by others.…

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5 Reasons to Disable Your Teen’s Smartphone
5 Reasons to Disable Your Teen’s…

Why quarantine is the perfect time to wean your teen off her smartphone?. My teenager just woke up, walked into the kitchen, and said, “Mom, what day is it?” The days are running together, kids are staying up too late, we are trying to get out of our PJ’s before lunch, we are eating too much and not exercising enough, and…

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Ataxia
Ataxia

Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect various movements and create difficulties with speech, eye movement and swallowing. Persistent ataxia usually results from damage to the part of your brain…

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What is Mean Length of Utterance (MLU)?
What is Mean Length of Utterance (MLU)?

What is Mean Length of Utterance (MLU)? When we talk about increasing sentence length in children, we often use the term “mean length of utterance”.  This refers to the average length of the sentences that a child typically uses.  For example, when children are first learning to talk, their MLU is often 1 because they…

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What Is Phobia? It’s Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment.
What Is Phobia? It’s Symptoms, Causes,…

What Is PHOBIA? It’s SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, & TREATMENT: Phobos was the Greek God of fear. His likeness was painted on masks and shields to frighten enemies in battle. The term Phobia is derived from his name which means panic, fear, dread, or fight. Phobias are more pronounced than fears. It develops when an individual…

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Treatment for Cerebral Palsy
Treatment for Cerebral Palsy

Treating Cerebral Palsy is almost as complex as the condition is, and there’s no cookie-cutter approach because each individual is affected differently. Although the brain injury that causes Cerebral Palsy cannot be healed, the resulting physical impairment can be managed with a wide range of treatments and therapies. Although…

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When to do Direct Speech Therapy for Preschool Stuttering
When to do Direct Speech Therapy for…

In this video, speech-language pathologist Carrie Clark will address when to do direct speech therapy for preschool stuttering and when it’s best to do indirect therapy or wait on therapy all together. Look for Risk Factors: A family history of stuttering Stuttering that has continued for 6 months or longer Presence of other speech…

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Reading Fluency: How to Help Your Child
Reading Fluency: How to Help Your Child

Reading Fluency: How to Help Your Child When your child reads out loud, does it sound choppy or broken up? Does your child have trouble understanding and remembering things he has read out loud? Your child may benefit from some tips on improving reading fluency. What Is Reading Fluency? According to the National Reading Panel, reading…

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Eating Disorders
Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders describe illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. Eating disturbances may include inadequate or excessive food intake which can ultimately damage an individual’s well-being. The most common forms of eating disorders include Anorexia…

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Do educational TV and learning apps help or hinder language development in children?
Do educational TV and learning apps…

Although a home without a television or tablet or other such devices is a rarity in America, if you have an infant or toddler in the home, you may want to keep the TV turned off—at least when they’re awake. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), in a statement released in October 2016, children…

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8 Ways to Improve Parent-Child Relationship
8 Ways to Improve Parent-Child Relationship

There is no such thing as a perfect family. Parents may often think they’re doing what’s best for their child because they love them. But those actions may not always necessarily be healthy. As children grow up and reach their teenage years, this is usually when things take a turn for the worst. Arguments may be frequent, misunderstanding…

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In child development, conversation is the golden nugget
In child development, conversation…

Dr. Kathy Hirsh-Pasek is an expert on how young children learn and develop language skills. She directs the Infant Language Laboratory at Temple University and is a New York Times bestselling author. What’s the best thing a parent or caregiver can do to support their young child’s healthy development? Kathy Hirsh-Pasek: “The…

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Are imaginary playmates healthy?
Are imaginary playmates healthy?

Are imaginary playmates healthy? Research shows that having an imaginary friend is perfectly normal. Nearly two-thirds of children in one study had at least one imaginary friend. And in spite of researchers’ initial expectation that preschoolers would outgrow their imaginary friends before entering school, they actually found…

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Phonological awareness: What you need to know
Phonological awareness: What you need…

Phonological awareness is the foundation for learning to read. It’s the ability to recognize and work with sounds in spoken language. Some kids pick it up naturally, but others need more help with it. People often think that reading begins with learning to sound out letters. But most young kids are getting ready to read long…

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Non-verbal communication and dementia
Non-verbal communication and dementia

If a person is finding any kind of conversation too difficult, they may use non-verbal communication. As dementia progresses, this may become the main way a person communicates. You might find these tips for communicating non-verbally useful. What is non-verbal communication? Non-verbal communication is communicating without the…

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Types of Aphasia
Types of Aphasia

A stroke that occurs in areas of the brain that control speech and language can result in aphasia, a disorder that affects your ability to speak, read, write and listen. Different aspects of language are in different parts of the left side of the brain. So your type of aphasia depends on how your stroke affects parts of your brain.…

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What Is Word Retrieval?
What Is Word Retrieval?

What Is Word Retrieval? Word retrieval means a person’s ability to think of the right word when he/she needs it, such as during conversation.  We all have those moments when we can’t think of the right word, in that instant, we’re having a word retrieval problem.  Some children have a wonderful vocabulary but in…

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Communication problems
Communication problems

Communication problems are very common after a stroke. Around one-third of stroke survivors have problems with speaking, reading, writing and understanding what other people say to them.  Why do they happen? When we communicate, our brain has to complete a series of tasks. Different parts of our brains are responsible for each…

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Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy

Early Signs The signs of CP vary greatly because there are many different types and levels of disability. The main sign that a child might have CP is a delay reaching motor or movement milestones (such as rolling over, sitting, standing, or walking). Following are some other signs of possible CP. It is important to note that some…

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Calming Children with Self-Calming Strategies
Calming Children with Self-Calming…

Calming Children with Self-Calming Strategies As much as you hate to see it in your own child, every child throws tantrums and has meltdowns, sometimes in the middle of the grocery store.  This can be even more prevalent if your child has a language delay and doesn’t understand or can’t communicate what he wants. …

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What is Cerebral Palsy?
What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles. CP is caused by abnormal brain development…

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 How Can a Speech and Language Therapist Help You in Parkinson's Disease?
How Can a Speech and Language Therapist…

Speech and language therapists are healthcare professionals who can provide assessment and advice on all aspects of communication, from facial expression and body language to speech and communication aids. Clinical guidelines recommend that your GP, specialist or Parkinson’s nurse should consider referring you to a speech…

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What Kind of Speech and Communication Problems Can People with Parkinson's Experience?
What Kind of Speech and Communication…

Problems with speech and voice If you experience problems with your speech and voice you may find your speech sounds slurred or unclear, or that you speak more quickly than before. You may also find you have to slow down to make yourself understood. It can also become harder to control how quickly you speak. Your voice can also…

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Speech and communication problems
Speech and communication problems

Speech and communication problems are common for people with Parkinson’s. They can include problems with your voice, body language, making conversations and small handwriting. But with the right help and support there are lots of ways you can improve any symptoms. Why do people with parkinson's experience speech and communication…

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Learning Disabilities in Expressive Language
Learning Disabilities in Expressive…

If your child or loved one has been diagnosed with an expressive language disorder, what does this mean? What may cause these difficulties, how are they evaluated, and how can they be treated? Definition Expressive Language Disorder is a learning disability affecting communication of thoughts using spoken language and…

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Infant development: Milestones from 7 to 9 months
Infant development: Milestones from…

Your baby might surprise you with how quickly he or she is picking up new skills. Infant development milestones for a 7- to 9-month-old include sitting, standing and laughing.As your baby becomes more mobile and inquisitive, infant development takes off. It might seem that your baby learns something new every day. Understand your…

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Cochlear implants: Early intervention to optimize language outcomes
Cochlear implants: Early intervention…

Identification and treatment of hearing impairment should occur as early as possible, including cochlear implantation for children as young as 6 months who have moderate to profound hearing loss. "Increasing amounts of data show that the earlier you implant, the better the speech and language outcomes are, in general. We usually…

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Modelling sentence structure for your child
Modelling sentence structure for your…

Children who say their words in the wrong order or use the wrong tense can sound cute…. for a while, but then it begins to affect their social interactions. Common Examples of word confusion include:       Saying “I can have that” instead of “can I have that please”       “Tomorrow,…

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Big muscles make a big difference to fine motor skills
Big muscles make a big difference to…

How often have you hear “practice makes perfect”? So often true but not always in the case of pencil skills or handwriting when floppy muscles get in the way. All too often children are forced to practice these finger skills when they don’t have the underlying strength to maintain posture, to hold the pencil correctly or to…

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What Is Apraxia?
What Is Apraxia?

Apraxia is a poorly understood neurological condition. People who have it find it difficult or impossible to make certain motor movements, even though their muscles are normal. Milder forms of apraxia are known as dyspraxia. Apraxia can occur in a number of different forms. One form is orofacial apraxia. People with orofacial…

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What are the factors affecting language development in children?
What are the factors affecting language…

(i) Body The physical organs which are responsible for speech affect the development of speech. If these organs develop properly the child learns better language and their pronunciation is also correct. (ii) Health Children who are healthy and their sense organs are properly developed, they receive correct stimuli from the environ­ment…

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Developing Listening Skills in the Early Years
Developing Listening Skills in the…

I CAN communication adviser Kate Freeman explains how exploring fascinating sounds can help to develop good listening skills… Most children are born with good hearing; however, all children need to learn to listen and focus on sounds. These are foundation skills for learning to communicate through the spoken word. So, if we want…

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What are vocal cord nodules?
What are vocal cord nodules?

Vocal cord disorders can not only impact your vocal cords, but your voice and ability to talk, too. Vocal cord nodules affect both boys and girls of any age and commonly cause voice problems in both adults and children. WHAT ARE NODULES OF THE VOCAL CORDS? Vocal cord nodules are defined as growths that grow on your vocal cords.…

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How Can Hearing Impairment Affect Language Development?
How Can Hearing Impairment Affect Language…

There are over 45,000 children in the UK who are deaf and many more who experience some form of hearing loss, whether permanent or temporary. It is also estimated that 1 in 1000 children are born either severely or profoundly deaf. With this number of children already being affected by hearing loss, it is important to look at how…

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Bad Technique and Vocal Injury
Bad Technique and Vocal Injury

There is nothing more stressful for a professional voice user than to be diagnosed with a vocal injury. There is a large range of emotions that come with a diagnosis: Sadness about the injury Stress about meeting obligations (financial, performance, etc) Fear that their voice will never be the same again Self-doubt that something…

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Allergies and the Voice
Allergies and the Voice

Most people associate allergies with the classic symptoms seen on commercials: itchy, watery eyes; runny nose; and sneezing. However, far more often, allergies present subtly, and in a way that is quite sinister when it comes to voice: postnasal drip. What is postnasal drip? Postnasal drip is the term for mucous that drips down…

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Dysfluent speech and autism spectrum disorder
Dysfluent speech and autism spectrum…

Autism is not a disease. It simply means that the person’s brain functions differently from the majority of the people. It is a spectrum disorder, which is a developmental disorder. Children and adults with autism spectrum disorder can show a variety of signs and symptoms that are atypical. They primarily exhibit deficits in areas…

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Changing the perception about stuttering: 5 tips for talking to someone who stutters
Changing the perception about stuttering:…

People who stutter are often perceived as less intelligent by the ones who have never experienced speech dysfluencies. It is far from the truth. Some of the most successful entrepreneurs, scientists and researchers, doctors and speech therapists, teachers and professors, actors and singers stutter when they speak. It is time for…

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Is stuttering neurological?
Is stuttering neurological?

One of the more common questions I receive from clinicians and parents is simply this: “Is stuttering neurological?” Answering this question directly and clearly is important, not only because it is valuable for people to have an accurate understanding of what stuttering is (and what it is not) but also because we want…

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Channel your Emotions to Reduce your Stutter
Channel your Emotions to Reduce your…

People who stutter can be highly successful in their jobs and in their lives. We have met with professors, researchers and academicians, who still struggle with stuttering. We know about actors, directors, poets, authors, entrepreneurs and politicians who have speech dysfluencies. Do you believe it was always easy for these highly…

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Regaining language skills after a stroke: Will speech therapy help?
Regaining language skills after a stroke:…

Approximately one third of people who have a stroke develop aphasia: difficulties with language and communication that can include speaking, understanding, reading and writing. Speech language therapy can help speed up the process of recovery. ‘Higher intensity’ speech language therapy (more and longer sessions) are…

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Encouraging Emerging Language and Receptive Vocabulary
Encouraging Emerging Language and Receptive…

Language development varies from child to child, and there are wide ranges of expected “normal” language development in young children. If you have specific concerns about the pace of your child’s language development, you should definitely discuss this with your health care professional. However, for reference sake, by the…

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Building Vocabulary
Building Vocabulary

Building Expressive Vocabulary This is the step where your child learns to actually say the words out loud. All of the tasks we just described in the previous Autism and Language article come into play when building your child’s expressive vocabulary. Picture cards are a useful tool again, because it just isn’t feasible to bring…

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From Basic Vocabulary to Building Sentences
From Basic Vocabulary to Building Sentences

The most popular use of the Language Builder Picture Card Series is to build vocabulary. The realistic and current photos help students to learn the name of various nouns, occupations, and emotions. In the beginning, this task can be very repetitive and basic, focusing only on learning single-word responses. When a child…

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Language Milestones
Language Milestones

How many professionals have been asked:  “How do I know if my child is behind in language development?” How many parents have asked the question, or at least wondered to themselves? Language development varies from child to child, and there are wide ranges of expected “normal” language development in…

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Using Picture Cards to Aid Speech
Using Picture Cards to Aid Speech

A common challenge for children and adults with autism is their ability to communicate. Many a parent and therapist will tell you that Picture Cards are one of the best tools to aid in communication with individuals with autism, whether the individual is verbal or non verbal. Many people with autism tend to be visual learners.…

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Labeling and Requesting
Labeling and Requesting

Additional Activities to Develop Sentence Skills Labeling and Requesting are the most basic of all full sentence activities, and provide a basis for your student to understand that communication requires more than single word utterances. The following list of activities offers just a few examples of the many lessons…

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4 Reasons to Rhyme with Your Child
4 Reasons to Rhyme with Your Child

Singing Twinkle Twinkle Little Star or Row, Row, Row Your Boat is a great way to keep your toddler occupied on a car ride. Turns out, these classic nursery rhymes aren’t just a way to pass the time – they also drive speech and language development, improve memory, contribute to early literacy, and much more.…

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The Evidence Is In — One Size Does Not Fit All
The Evidence Is In — One Size Does…

The effectiveness of  treatment for young children who stutter is very difficult to assess.   Like all medical conditions, more than one effective approach must be documented since no single treatment is likely to work for all children. The RESTART trial1 is the only head to head study so far, comparing two treatments…

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MY CHILD THROWS TEMPER TANTRUMS
MY CHILD THROWS TEMPER TANTRUMS

TODDLER TANTRUMS AND CHILDHOOD MELTDOWNS Screams, tears, slamming doors, thrashing on the floor of the supermarket, or clinging to the slide when it is time the leave the park… Toddler tantrums, temper tantrums, hissy fits and childhood meltdowns can be unexpected and happen for many different reasons. At home a tantrum can be…

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10 Tips for Teaching Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
10 Tips for Teaching Young Children…

All children have unique learning needs, but children with Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD require a little extra guidance and support. Whether you’re a parent or teacher, it’s essential to understand what a child with autism needs and how you can help them learn better.   These 10 tips will help you get started: 1. Create…

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“VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients Learn to Swallow
“VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients…

AT Home Care is One of Only Five Home Health Nursing Agencies to Offer “VitalStim” Therapy to Help Patients Learn to Swallow  More than 15 million Americans have moderate to severe difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). In over 50% of the cases, dysphagia is a result of strokes or radiation treatments to treat throat…

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What is VitalStim Therapy?
What is VitalStim Therapy?

VitalStim Therapy is a non-invasive therapy that uses an electrical current to stimulate the muscles responsible for swallowing. It is the only FDA-cleared device for treatment of dysphagia (swallowing difficulty). Children’s speech-language pathologists and occupational therapists have been providing VitalStim during feeding…

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Swallowing and Feeding Disorders
Swallowing and Feeding Disorders

When your baby was born, you likely counted all his toes and fed him shortly after birth. Breastfeeding might take a little trial and error at first, but what if your baby has trouble feeding? Children with feeding and swallowing disorders can display a wide range of symptoms. Children who cannot consume food adequately are at risk…

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ORAL MOTOR FUNCTIONING
ORAL MOTOR FUNCTIONING

Oral - motor functioning is the area of assessment which looks at normal and abnormal patterns of the lips, tongue, jaw, cheeks, hard palate and soft palate for eating, drinking, facial expression and speech to determine which functional skills a client has to build on, and which abnormal…

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How Storytelling Supports Language Development
How Storytelling Supports Language…

Don’t you love getting lost in a story? Imagining a different world and following a character’s journey can be exhilarating at any age. Of course, reading a story and storytelling aren’t exactly the same. When you tell a story, you’re actively engaging with a listener and using different tones and gestures…

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What Is Autism?
What Is Autism?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 54 children in the United States today.   We…

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DANGER ZONE: TODDLER BEDTIME PROBLEMS
DANGER ZONE: TODDLER BEDTIME PROBLEMS

The clock continues to tick: past 8pm, past 9pm. Your toddler keeps getting out of bed—or is still up. "I'm not tired,” “I’m thirsty” and “I’m hungry” are arguments you are all too familiar with. When your child or toddler won't go to bed or won't go to sleep, it can be upsetting for everyone in the family. So if…

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WHEN CHILDREN DON'T LISTEN
WHEN CHILDREN DON'T LISTEN

You say it once…twice…three times…maybe even more! As you get more annoyed you get louder, then, before you know it you are yelling! Only then does your child finally follow your instruction, reluctantly doing as he is told—or even starts yelling back. So if you are wondering how to get a toddler to listen, and…

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Language Development In Children  Continue reading at https://childdevelopmentinfo.com/child-development/language_development/#g
Language Development In Children Continue…

Language and communication skills are critical to a child’s development. Good communication makes them better able to engage in socialization as well as learn from formal classroom instruction and the environment around them. Communication involves both speech and language. Speech is the verbal means of communication, and language…

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Recognize the Risk Factors for Stuttering
Recognize the Risk Factors for Stuttering

Certain factors may place some children more at risk for stuttering.   “Knowing these factors will help you decide whether or not your child needs to see a speech-language pathologist,” says Jane Fraser, president of the Stuttering Foundation.    The following risk factors will help parents decide.  …

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Factors Affecting Language Development in Children
Factors Affecting Language Development…

Shyness slows language development. Temperament differs. Shy children have significantly slower development of expressive and receptive language.   Shyness limits vocabulary and other language skills development. The reticent nature of shy children also limits their participation in social interactions and…

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Children with Hearing Loss and Theory of Mind Development
Children with Hearing Loss and Theory…

Keeping secrets. Sharing a joke. Playing make-believe. What do all of these behaviors have in common? Theory of Mind. Theory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to share another person’s perspective. When children have a fully developed ToM, they can judge what others think, feel or believe and act accordingly.   Although it was…

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Dysphagia: Why Difficulty Swallowing is a Serious Red Flag in Anorexia Nervosa
Dysphagia: Why Difficulty Swallowing…

When patients have lost a lot of weight, or are quite underweight, they may experience difficulty swallowing. It might be that dry foods feel like they get stuck in your throat, or that you’ve naturally moved toward moister foods because they’re easier to get down. It might be that you’ve found yourself coughing after drinking…

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Understanding Integration in Concept Development
Understanding Integration in Concept…

One of the more difficult CLASS™ indicators to identify and measure is integration-connecting concepts together and connecting them to previously learned concepts. When assessing this indicator, I ask myself, "Did the teacher ask or state explicitly how two ideas are related?" Two examples of this are:     "The…

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Three Keys to Helping Your Child Learn Language
Three Keys to Helping Your Child Learn…

As a parent, there are many things you can do to help your child learn to talk. If you search the internet, you’ll find suggestions about reading to your child, teaching him songs and nursery rhymes, and playing imaginatively together. These are wonderful activities, but when it comes to learning language, it’s not just about…

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What are the signs of anxiety disorder?
What are the signs of anxiety disorder?

What are the signs of anxiety disorder? If I go to this interview, I might do something wrong and make a fool of myself. I did not hear from any of the family members. What if something happened? What if he had an accident? If I don't go I'll worry even more. What if I have a panic attack, I could die I better think about what could…

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Living with Esophageal Achalasia
Living with Esophageal Achalasia

Ideally, every time you swallow, food and liquid go down your esophagus, the long tube that leads to your stomach.    The muscles of the esophagus move the food downward, and when it reaches the bottom of the tube, it meets a sphincter, which is normally in the closed position to prevent stomach acid from bubbling back…

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Speech Therapy and Difficulty Swallowing: Causes and Symptoms
Speech Therapy and Difficulty Swallowing:…

When people think about speech therapy, they may think it's related to speech, phonation, articulation, or even cognition and voice. So how about swallowing it? As speech and language therapists, we not only address the issue of swallowing, but we actually deal with a large focus of what we do every day, depending on swallowing…

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Nasal Speaking: What Parents Need to Know
Nasal Speaking: What Parents Need to…

When we speak, air comes up from our lungs, through our voice box, and enters our mouth and nose to produce the resulting sound quality called resonance.   We’ve all experienced an abnormally “nasal” sound to our voice when we have nasal congestion or large tonsils and adenoids. This is called hyponasal speech (too…

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What is Voice Therapy?
What is Voice Therapy?

Our voice is our primary tool when communicating who we are and our sense of self.   Voice therapy is not just for singers. We understand that it can be frustrating when your voice doesn't reflect your best self. Through voice therapy, we can help you to improve your vocal quality (raspiness, breathiness, etc.), resonance,…

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Do gestures boost language development in children?
Do gestures boost language development…

When your child points or holds their arms out to be picked up, these gestures are the important beginnings of language development. “Gestures are a significant step as a child begins to interact and communicate with others,” notes Kristi Keele, Pediatric Speech Language Pathologist at teli. “There is a strong link between…

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Go Play! The Importance of Symbolic Play in Early Childhood
Go Play! The Importance of Symbolic…

Most adults think of toy play as a natural part of childhood.  When my daughter was born, we were showered with plush animals, tea sets, and dress up clothes for her to use in play.  But what happens when the child does not find toy play to be natural?   Many children on the autism spectrum use toys non-functionally…

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How eye contact helps babies develop language skills
How eye contact helps babies develop…

Way before kids learn to talk, they learn about nonverbal communication. Babies pick up on how our bodies help us communicate through everything from being held to a calming hand placed on their back. A recent study found that babies who use eye contact to communicate with their caregivers showed increased language development.…

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Tips for Good Vocal Hygiene
Tips for Good Vocal Hygiene

Does your child have a raspy, hoarse voice? Excessive talking, screaming, and yelling are just a few of the behaviors that may lead to hoarseness. Here are some tips for good vocal hygiene!     Noisy Environments   •Encourage your child to face the person he/she is speaking to •Have your child over articulate…

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Does screen time affect children’s language skills?
Does screen time affect children’s…

When working in schools, I was often asked about the impact of screen time on children’s language and communication skills. There would frequently be concerns raised about the amount of time children spent in front of screens outside of school and the perceived impact that this was having on their ability to focus and attend to…

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What is a language delay?
What is a language delay?

A language delay is when a child has difficulties understanding and/or using spoken language. These difficulties are unusual for the child’s age.   The difficulties might be with:   saying first words or learning words putting words together to make sentences building vocabulary understanding words or sentences.  …

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WHAT IS EVT – ESTILL VOICE TRAINING:
WHAT IS EVT – ESTILL VOICE TRAINING:

EVT – Estill Voice Training ™ (known in some countries also as “Estill voicecraft”) is a system of voice training that focuses on control of voice, separating it from the study of the musical and artistic aspects of the performance, in order to work more effectively on each of these two aspects with no confusion.  …

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Voice Therapy inspired by Estill Voice Training
Voice Therapy inspired by Estill Voice…

Speech Therapy comprises a professional area so wide it’s almost impossible to concentrate on all of its extensions. Each patient presents a specific case with particular characteristics. They can have speech, language, and swallowing difficulties… and speech therapy has to be able to attend those necessities, whichever those…

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Talking Readiness (Pre-Language Skills)
Talking Readiness (Pre-Language Skills)

As soon as a child is born they are learning and developing pre-language or non-verbal skills which will support later language learning. Pre-language skills are the ways in which we communicate without using words and include things such as gestures, facial expressions, imitation, joint attention and eye-contact. These are the…

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Down Syndrome
Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a developmental difficulty due to a chromosomal error (or a problem with genes). All children with Down Syndrome have some degree of learning disability and develop skills at a slower rate to other children. Delays in language based and learning milestones are evident around their first birthday.     Symptoms…

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Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy

Palin Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCI) is a combined indirect and direct treatment approach for young children who stutter (aged seven years and under) and their families. This approach helps parents identify what they are already doing that supports their child’s fluency. It aims to increase the parents’ confidence and…

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What Is Autism?
What Is Autism?

First we need to look at how “autism” was created. We could look at the early work around autism and say that they discovered a condition and named it autism. Or we could say that they made up a condition to explain human differences that they noted but did not fully understand.    I will go with the latter. Autism…

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What is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy?
What is Parent-Child Interaction Therapy?

PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY (PCIT) IS AN EVIDENCE-BASED INTERVENTION DEVELOPED BY SHEILA EYEBERG TO TREAT YOUNG CHILDREN WITH DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS. PCIT WORKS TO STRENGTHEN THE PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP AND TEACHES EFFECTIVE PARENTING STRATEGIES THROUGH LIVE PARENT COACHING. PCIT IS CONDUCTED THROUGH LIVE COACHING SESSIONS…

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The Importance of Imitation
The Importance of Imitation

Imitation is a big part of childhood. At every stage we learn by watching, listening and doing, playing hours of repetitive games, repeating countless jokes to each other and mimicking the words to songs, to name only a few ways that we imitate. We learn social rules by imitation, studying facial expressions and body language and,…

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Pediatric Feeding Evaluations, What to Expect
Pediatric Feeding Evaluations, What…

Many people believe that the role of a speech-language pathologist’s (SLP) is limited to speech and language, however, we have a list of responsibilities including pediatric feeding evaluations. SLPs are experts in the oral mechanism all the way down to the esophagus, allowing them to support individuals with feeding and…

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ABA and Speech Therapy: Comparing Two Therapeutic Concepts
ABA and Speech Therapy: Comparing Two…

ABA is a form of therapy that focuses on the study of human behavior. It’s commonly used to treat autism spectrum disorders and developmental disorders in children, but it can also be used to cultivate a range of motor, social, and learning skills for people of all ages.   Assessment of behavior in ABA is broken down into…

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Shareable Strategies for Working With Preschool Children With DLD
Shareable Strategies for Working With…

Preschool children seem to learn best when given routine and consistency. Children with a diagnosis of developmental language delay (DLD) are no exception, and may even need the routine and consistency more than their peers. Collaboration among all adults who interact with any child, but especially a child with DLD, helps create…

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Joint Attention: A Foundation for Language Development
Joint Attention: A Foundation for Language…

What is Joint Attention? Joint attention is the act of a person sharing attention with another person towards a given object or event, and there is understanding between the two people that they are both interested in the same object or event. In order for an individual to demonstrate joint attention, he/she must be able to…

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Voice Disorders
Voice Disorders

A voice disorder can be defined as a problem involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx, more commonly known as the voice box. Almost every disorder may present in more than one symptom and one cannot associate one single symptom with one specific voice disorder. For example, hoarseness, increased…

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Taking Care of Your Voice
Taking Care of Your Voice

The sound of your voice is produced by vibration of the vocal folds, which are two bands of smooth muscle tissue that are positioned opposite each other in the larynx. The larynx is located between the base of the tongue and the top of the trachea, which is the passageway to the lungs (see figure).   When you are not speaking,…

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What is the Reggio Emilia philosophy?
What is the Reggio Emilia philosophy?

The Reggio Emilia Philosophy is an innovative and inspiring approach to early childhood education, which values the child as strong, capable and resilient; rich with wonder and knowledge. The Philosophy rides on the coattails of the innate curiosity of children and aims to assist them with understanding their world and who they…

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Research shows how gaming can support language learning
Research shows how gaming can support…

Both academics and teachers have been writing about the benefits of using games in the language classroom for many years. Wright et al (1984), Lee Su Kim (1995), Ubermann (1998), Ersoz (2000), Yong Mei and Yu-Jin (2000), Thi Thanh Huyen and Khuat Thi Thu Nga (2003) are all pretty much agreed that games: provide a useful and meaningful…

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Parent-Child Relationship – Why it’s Important
Parent-Child Relationship – Why it’s…

Parenting is the most fulfilling job that we will ever have, but it’s not without it’s challenges. Modern family life can be stressful and with various pressures on families it’s not always easy. Ultimately, parents want what is best for their child and a strong parent-child relationship can help lead to better outcomes for…

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BRAIN DEVELOPMENT WHILE LANGUAGE LEARNING
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT WHILE LANGUAGE LEARNING

There are tons of benefits to learning a new language. Languages are open doors to different cultures, and allow us to connect with different people from all over the world. But learning a new language is about so much more than just having a basic conversation or being familiar with different words and concepts.   Studies…

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Dyslexia
Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects people’s reading, writing and spelling ability despite normal intelligence levels. With the proper support and guidance learning differences like dyslexia can be managed quite effectively allowing your child to overcome the difficulties they may be facing because of their condition.…

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How to Practice Mindfulness
How to Practice Mindfulness

Living with aphasia after a stroke or brain injury can be stressful and anxiety inducing for both the survivor as well as his or her family members. There’s no doubt that for many, those feelings have only been intensified by the ongoing global pandemic. If you are among those struggling with these emotions during these trying…

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What is Diabetes?
What is Diabetes?

Diabetes can strike anyone, from any walk of life. And it does – in numbers that are dramatically increasing. Today, more than 30 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes. Worldwide, more than 422 million people have diabetes.     So just what is diabetes?    Diabetes is a serious condition…

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Speech Disorders in Children: What to Do About Dysarthria
Speech Disorders in Children: What…

As a parent, you do whatever you can think of to keep your child safe. You make sure he rides his tricycle with a helmet, you strap him snugly into his car seat, and you even have your mechanic check out every unusual noise to make sure the car is safe. But accidents have a way of happening even when you take every safety precaution.…

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The Impact Of Speech On Social And Emotional Development
The Impact Of Speech On Social And…

  Social   It can be easy to miss speech and language problems in a very young child, but it is also possible to spot potential problems if you know what to look for. Between 6 & 18 months, your child should be intentionally interacting with others, gaining a greater understanding of words (like “bottle”, or “mama”),…

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Speech Difficulties After A Traumatic Brain Injury
Speech Difficulties After A Traumatic…

A traumatic brain injury occurs when an external force causes damage to the brain. Such an injury can affect an individual in a wide variety of ways, such as short-term memory loss, or difficulty comprehending situations. One of the more disruptive ways it can affect a person’s life is by causing difficulties in speech and communication.…

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Difficulty speaking (dysarthria)
Difficulty speaking (dysarthria)

Dysarthria is difficulty speaking caused by problems with the muscles used in speech.   When it occurs in children it's usually the result of brain changes before or during birth and is known as developmental dysarthria.   Dysarthria can also develop later in life as a result of a head injury or a medical condition…

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Selective Mutism
Selective Mutism

Select mutism is an anxiety disorder that affects a child’s ability to to speak and communicate in social situations like school, playdates, or family gatherings. There are no physical causes of select mutism, and children who suffer from it are perfectly capable of speaking and communicating when they are in a safe, relaxed environment.…

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Early Brain Development and Health
Early Brain Development and Health

The early years of a child’s life are very important for later health and development. One of the main reasons is how fast the brain grows starting before birth and continuing into early childhood. Although the brain continues to develop and change into adulthood, the first 8 years can build a foundation for future learning,…

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BILINGUALISM HELPS APHASIA SUFFERERS RELEARN PRIMARY LANGUAGE
BILINGUALISM HELPS APHASIA SUFFERERS…

Researchers have found that when a person who speaks two languages experiences brain damage leading to a language condition called aphasia, the second, less dominant language can be used to transfer knowledge to the primary one, helping with rehabilitation.   The National Aphasia Association defines aphasia as "an…

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Don’t just tell parents to “wait and see what happens!”
Don’t just tell parents to “wait…

A mother posted a question to a group recently about her 3-year-old child’s stuttering. Response after response encouraged her to just wait it out because “lots of children stutter, then they outgrow it.” Other respondents shared stories of their own children who stuttered and then recovered. Still others admonished the parent…

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Voice Pain and Muscle Tension Dysphonia
Voice Pain and Muscle Tension Dysphonia

Question: I am a trained singer and have never had a voice problem. However, ever since having a cold a few weeks ago, it hurts when I sing or speak. I have tried to go on vocal rest and this helps for a short time. But when I use my voice, it hurts again. What is wrong and what can I do?   Discussion:   Often after…

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BROCA’S APHASIA
BROCA’S APHASIA

Individuals with Broca’s aphasia have trouble speaking fluently but their comprehension can be relatively preserved. This type of aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia.   Patients have difficulty producing grammatical sentences and their speech is limited mainly to short utterances of less than four words.…

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Dysarthria
Dysarthria

What is dysarthria? Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder in which the muscles that are used to produce speech are damaged, paralyzed, or weakened. The person with dysarthria cannot control his or her tongue, larynx, vocal cords, and surrounding muscles, which makes it difficult for the person to form and pronounce words. The area…

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10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s Social-Emotional Development
10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s…

For children with and without disabilities, strong social-emotional skills are the foundation of long-term success in school, at work, and in the community. With so much at stake, it’s critical to start addressing this key area of development in the early years, even before a child starts school. Educators, child care providers,…

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Strategies to Promote the 5 Thinking Skills in Preschoolers
Strategies to Promote the 5 Thinking…

Curious Thinkers actively explore people and things, especially the new and novel, and eventually abstract ideas. • Encourage children to observe each other’s work and ask each other questions about what they notice. • Help children make sense of what happened by asking them to try to describe and then explain the outcome.…

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How do I know if treatment is indicated for a young child who stutters?
How do I know if treatment is indicated…

In a previous post about selecting a treatment approach for a preschool child who stutters, I encouraged you to consider two questions: Is treatment necessary? and What treatment will be most closely matched to the child’s and family’s needs? In this post, I will address the question of whether therapy…

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11 Things You Can Do Right Now to Build a More Trauma-Sensitive Classroom
11 Things You Can Do Right Now to Build…

In your classroom, you likely have at least a few students affected by trauma such as abuse, community violence, and neglect. It’s estimated that at least one in four young people experiences trauma severe enough to negatively affect their school success (National Child Traumatic Stress Network Schools Committee). We talk a lot…

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Lidcombe Program
Lidcombe Program

We’ve got some great evidence-based treatments for children who stutter that have been proven by clinical trials to work for pre-schoolers and school-age children.   The treatment with the best evidence at the moment is called the Lidcombe Program, after the Sydney suburb in which it was developed by researchers…

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Vocal Hygiene: Taking Care Of Your Voice
Vocal Hygiene: Taking Care Of Your…

Think about how often you use your voice everyday – talking on the telephone, visiting with friends, ordering at a restaurant. In addition to communicating your emotions and attitudes, your voice is strongly linked to your overall sense of self (Clark). Now, imagine what would happen if you developed a voice disorder. Approximately…

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Stress-Busters For Young Children
Stress-Busters For Young Children

1. Set Aside Group Time to Talk About Feelings Young children need the vocabulary to talk about complex emotions. Teach them words like proud, worried, excited, frustrated, and amazed, and talk about them during group time. Acknowledge both negative and positive emotions, since every emotion shared provides valuable insight into…

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10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s Social-Emotional Development
10 Essentials for Promoting Young Children’s…

Try these activities with your 2-month-old—a great way to have fun together and support your child’s social-emotional development.     With your baby on her back, take a tissue and wave it above your baby for her to see. Tissues also can fly, float, and tickle parts of your baby’s body. See how your baby responds.…

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Child Development Basics
Child Development Basics

Healthy Development   The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her health and development. Healthy development means that children of all abilities, including those with special health care needs, are able to grow up where their social, emotional and educational needs are met. Having a safe and loving…

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Impact of language disorder
Impact of language disorder

Behaviour challenges   Children with language disorder often have significant behavioural problems in both externalising (e.g. physical aggression) and internalising (e.g. anxiety) disorders. Research has shown a link between language disorder in childhood and adult mental health problems.   Mental illness   Having…

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Speech Sound Disorders
Speech Sound Disorders

Impact of Speech Sound Disorder   Having a Speech Sound Disorder can affect many areas of your child’s life including:   Social-emotional challenges   In clinical practise we often see children who lack confidence and refuse to speak in front of groups e.g. answering questions in class. Research has shown…

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Stuttering Treatment and The Lidcombe Program
Stuttering Treatment and The Lidcombe…

Despite extensive research scientists still do not know the exact causes of stuttering. It is common for children with persistent stuttering to have family members who also stutter or did previously stutter as a child.   The latest research has confirmed our observations that stuttering does run in families and has identified…

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Children who stutter
Children who stutter

Pre-school children   For pre-school children younger than six years who are stuttering, there are two therapy approaches that are supported by randomised clinical trials. These are the Lidcombe Program and RESTART-DCM. There is also research evidence for the Westmead Program. The strongest research evidence is for the Lidcombe…

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THE SCIENCE OF AUTISM: WHY EARLY INTERVENTION MATTERS
THE SCIENCE OF AUTISM: WHY EARLY INTERVENTION…

What causes autism is still a mystery. Scientists have theories and speculate. Some say there’s evidence it’s genetic and passed from parents to children. Others say external factors are at work. The truth may lie somewhere in between.   We do know, however, that early intensive intervention using Applied…

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5 Simple Activities To Strengthen Your Child’s Fine Motor Skills:
5 Simple Activities To Strengthen Your…

What Are Fine Motor Skills?   Fine motor skills involve the use of muscles in the hands, fingers and wrists. These skills are important for performing everyday self-care and academic tasks.   Children with well developed fine motor skills display efficiency in tasks such as writing, cutting, tying shoelaces, eating with…

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Concussions & Headaches: Are They Related?
Concussions & Headaches: Are They Related?

Headaches are one of the most common symptoms reported after a concussion. A headache that occurs after a traumatic injury is called a post traumatic headache, caused by multiple impairments related to the injury. It is important to differentiate post traumatic headaches from migraines and post traumatic migraines. Migraines are…

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What to Expect: First Speech Therapy Lesso
What to Expect: First Speech Therapy…

Your child has been diagnosed with a speech impediment or speech disorder.  Whether she suffers from the common types of speech impediments such as stuttering, apraxia of speech, a speech sound disorder, cluttering or a lisp, early speech therapy intervention is crucial to successful treatment. But what happens in…

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What is Play Therapy?
What is Play Therapy?

Play therapy, or PT, is a specific type of therapeutic approach in the mental health field. Though PT may be used for adults, it is a psychotherapeutic approach most commonly used for children. Possibly one of the most rewarding and enjoyable therapeutic techniques, this type of therapy involves few rules or limits during actual…

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When Children Won’t Eat; Key Takeaway From Dr. Kay Toomey
When Children Won’t Eat; Key Takeaway…

I was fortunate to be able to attend a 4-day workshop in Portland last month, The SOS (Sequential Oral Sensory) Approach to Feeding, all about picky eaters and problem feeders. The workshop was put on by Dr. Kay Toomey and her team, a speech-language pathologist and occupational therapist.  Dr. Kay Toomey is…

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Early language development – how to support your child
Early language development – how…

Literacy (reading) skills are important for a child’s early language development, social communication, and academic success. Before a child can pick up a book and decode the words on a page into something meaningful, they must first develop an understanding of what written language is and how it is used throughout their environment.…

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What is occupational therapy? Everything you need to know.
What is occupational therapy? Everything…

Occupational therapy is a healthcare profession. It focuses on helping people do all the things that they want and need to do in their daily lives.   These might include:   work school hobbies social situations household tasks   A doctor might refer someone to an occupational therapist if they have acquired a disability,…

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5 health benefits of walnuts
5 health benefits of walnuts

What are walnuts? Walnuts are a wrinkly, globe-like nut that is the fruit of the walnut tree. They grow in a hard shell, that, when opened, reveals the walnut. This is then split in two, which is why you most commonly see them as flat segments. Walnuts are usually eaten raw or roasted.   Nutritional value of walnuts  …

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How to Help A Preschooler Who Begins to Stutter
How to Help A Preschooler Who Begins…

Stuttering is not an uncommon occurrence in preschoolers. In fact, some researchers suggest that stuttering may occur during development in 5-11% of kids between the ages of 2.5 and 5 years old. We outlined some examples of stuttering in a previous blog post, which may help parents identify it.    Since then, we’ve…

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Causes Cures and Remedies of Headache
Causes Cures and Remedies of Headache

For understandings the frequent reasons of headache we have to understand that what is a headache. After we understand the headache we can then suggest the Treatment for headaches .Headaches are very common thing that you will hear. Headache is so common that all of us have experienced headache at one stage…

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Verbal Expectations: 7-9 Months
Verbal Expectations: 7-9 Months

So your baby is really starting to meet some major milestones! She’s sitting up, rolling over, scooting for items, and maybe even crawling! You’ve probably noticed that your baby’s attention span is longer and the two of you can engage in simple play activities together. It’s such an exciting time and I bet some weeks feel…

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Hypertension
Hypertension

  Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts…

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What is Speech Therapy and What Does a Speech Therapist Do?
What is Speech Therapy and What Does…

For the uninitiated, “speech therapist” might conjure up images of a clinician patiently trying to correct a stutter or a lisp. And indeed, speech therapists do treat these issues with a variety of tools – from exercises with Speech Buddies to audio feedback with a tape recorder. But speech therapy is a very broad…

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Speech Difficulties in Down Syndrome
Speech Difficulties in Down Syndrome

Down syndrome (DS) is an incurable genetic disorder that has a profound impact upon a person’s physical, mental, and social development. Children with DS have anatomical and physiological differences in the mouth and throat region that affect feeding, swallowing, and oral motor skills. They also often have hypotonia, or poor…

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Help! My Child Is Being Teased For Her Speech Impediment
Help! My Child Is Being Teased For…

“People tease me because of the way I talk.” “The other kids at school don’t like my words.” Do these statements sound familiar in your home? The unfortunate fact is that children who have a speech impediment are often subjected to teasing from their peers. According to a study by Professor Gordon W. Blood, Ph.D.,…

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What could cause bone pain?
What could cause bone pain?

The definition of bone pain is aching, tenderness, or another discomfort in the bone. Bone pain is one of the most common symptoms of bone cancer, so people should not overlook it.   The most significant cause of bone pain is bone cancer. This disease is most likely to occur in the long bones of the upper arms or legs,…

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Childhood asthma and food allergies linked to teen IBS
Childhood asthma and food allergies…

  A large study of children and teens finds that having asthma or food allergies at age 12 increases the chances of developing teenage irritable bowel syndrome.   Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects more than 1 in 10 people, but not everyone who experiences these symptoms consults a doctor. IBS can affect…

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Head injuries may lead to early Alzheimer's
Head injuries may lead to early Alzheimer's

Contact sports that can result in concussions, such as football, have given rise to worries that these head injuries may harm brain health later in life. A new study now investigates these claims in relation to the development of Alzheimer’s disease.   Recently, injuries related to contact sports have sparked a…

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Four Questions To Help Identify a Speech Impediment
Four Questions To Help Identify a Speech…

Are you concerned that there may be something wrong with your toddler’s communication and language skills? Is it possible that your child may have a speech impediment or disorder? Of course you don’t expect him to speak clearly in the first few months or even years of life, but are you seeing signs that perhaps something is…

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The Most Common Behavior Disorders in Children
The Most Common Behavior Disorders…

Raising children is difficult, and raising difficult children can be life disrupting. But being able to tell whether your child is just going through a stage, or if something is really wrong isn’t always that easy.   A tantrum doesn’t automatically mean your 2-year-old has a problem with authority, and a kindergartner who…

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Developmental Apraxia of Speech – An In Depth Look
Developmental Apraxia of Speech –…

A is for Apraxia.  On Monday, we took at look at Apraxia of Speech in children.  Specifically, we outlined the types of apraxia of speech and related symptoms. The most common type of apraxia of speech in children is developmental, which means it is a neurologically based speech disorder. While some children with…

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Eating Difficulties in Children
Eating Difficulties in Children

When trying to ensure that children and teens are well nourished, mealtimes can sometimes be difficult.   What is Eating Difficulty?   Difficulty eating is any behavior that prevents a child or teenager from eating a balanced diet. There are many reasons for this, but common problems include: sensory preferences regarding…

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The Impact of Autism On Language Development
The Impact of Autism On Language Development

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect children in different ways and to varying degrees of severity. This is why autism specialists develop personalized therapy plans based on the individual child’s deficits and goals. An autism therapy plan may help a child develop his or her expressive, receptive, or pragmatic language…

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What to know about cancer
What to know about cancer

    Cancer causes cells to divide uncontrollably. This can result in tumors, damage to the immune system, and other impairment that can be fatal.   In the United States, an estimated 15.5 million people with a history of cancer were living as of January 1, 2016, according to a 2018 report from…

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Symptoms – Speech Difficulties or Chages
Symptoms – Speech Difficulties or…

  Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects approximately one million Americans and can cause several motor and non-motor symptoms. One of the secondary motor symptoms that people with PD may experience is a change in speech, or speech difficulty. Not everyone with PD experiences the same symptoms, and not…

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Definition of Autism
Definition of Autism

  Autism is a lifelong, nonprogressive neurological disorder typically appearing before the age of three years. The word “autism” means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction.   The classic form of autism involves a triad of impairments – in social…

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Great Toys For Speech Development
Great Toys For Speech Development

It doesn’t matter if you’re thinking in terms of speech, height, or academic ability, we all know that children develop at different rates. We have previously looked at some of the key milestones for a child’s speech development, but regardless of whether you think your child is ahead of the curve or struggling to keep up…

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What are the symptoms of autism in a 4-year-old?
What are the symptoms of autism in…

    Autism spectrum disorder is a lifelong developmental condition that can affect aspects of language, social interaction, communication, and behavior.   People are born with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and researchers are still looking into the causes. Symptoms of autism start to appear in infancy and early…

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My school-age child stutters. What should I do?
My school-age child stutters. What…

  We’ve got some great, evidence-based stuttering treatments for pre-schoolers and adults.  But what about for children who are at school? How do we treat school-age kids who stutter?   First, a few sobering facts:   1. Stuttering gets harder to treat with age.  Academics say it becomes…

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Can Your Speech Get Better?
Can Your Speech Get Better?

An aphasia diagnosis can be life shattering for both the individual with aphasia and his or her loved ones. If your speech is affected, you may wonder whether it will go back to what is was like before the onset of aphasia and how much time it will take to see an improvement. The short answer is, it depends. Aphasia is usually the…

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How An AAC Device Can Help You Improve Your Speech
How An AAC Device Can Help You Improve…

As you may have recently learned, an augmentative and alternative (AAC) device can help individuals with speech and language impairments to communicate in several ways. But, AAC devices offer far more than a way to communicate. They are actually shown to improve speech in several studies. Nonetheless, there is a persistent…

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My pre-schooler stutters and has problems with speech sounds: which one should I treat first?
My pre-schooler stutters and has problems…

My pre-schooler stutters and has problems with speech sounds: which one should I treat first?   See our 2018 update about this topic. We know that 30-40% of children who stutter also have a speech sound disorder (Gregg & Yairi, 2007). We also know that both stuttering and speech sound disorders…

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How To Build Amazing Speech And Language Skills Through Play [Your Questions Answered]
How To Build Amazing Speech And Language…

In working with toddlers, I get this question all the time: “what are some good apps I can download for my child’s learning?”   Boy, are they always surprised with my answer: NONE. Try functional play instead.   “Play is often talked about as if it were a relief of serious learning. But for children, play…

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 What Is Speech Therapy?
What Is Speech Therapy?

  Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders. It is performed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), which are often referred to as speech therapists.   Speech therapy techniques are used to improve communication. These include articulation therapy, language intervention…

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How COVID-19 Affects Children Compared to Adults
How COVID-19 Affects Children Compared…

 A new study examined how COVID-19 symptoms differ for children compared to adults.    Research on COVID-19 pediatric patients is still limited, but a new study offers a fresh perspective on the early diagnosis and epidemic control of COVID-19 in children and could enhance early intervention and diagnosis.  …

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Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety
Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety

    Anxiety is your body’s natural response to stress. It’s a feeling of fear or apprehension about what’s to come. The first day of school, going to a job interview, or giving a speech may cause most people to feel fearful and nervous.   But if your feelings of anxiety are extreme, last for longer than six…

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Passive Aggressive Personality
Passive Aggressive Personality

  What Is Passive-Aggressive Behavior?   People with passive-aggressive behavior express their negative feelings subtly through their actions instead of handling them directly. This creates a separation between what they say and what they do.   For example, say someone proposes a plan at work. A person with passive-aggressive…

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Speech Disorders
Speech Disorders

  What are speech disorders?   Speech disorders can affect the way a person creates sounds to form words. Certain voice disorders may also be considered speech disorders.   One of the most commonly experienced speech disorders is stuttering. Other speech disorders include apraxia and dysarthria.   Apraxia is…

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Research gives green light for migraine relief
Research gives green light for migraine…

      A pilot study suggests that exposure to green light of a particular wavelength and brightness may be as effective as drugs in reducing the frequency and severity of migraine.   According to the Migraine Research Foundation, about 12% of people in the United States experience migraine.   The condition…

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12 Ways New Parents Can (and Should) Ask for Help
12 Ways New Parents Can (and Should)…

Even when you think you’ve got it covered, don’t hesitate to ask for a hand.   Communicating our needs can be difficult at any stage of life — and it certainly doesn’t get easier after a baby arrives. During this time of uphill battles — some literal (like hauling a stroller up a flight of stairs) and some figurative…

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Why does the Lidcombe Program for childhood stuttering work: a case of “words will never hurt me”?
Why does the Lidcombe Program for childhood…

The Lidcombe Program is an effective stuttering treatment for children under 6 years of age. Lidcombe Program treatment is 7.5 times more likely to reduce stuttering than natural recovery (Onslow et al., 2012). So why does it work? A. Reward and punishment When you cut through the jargon, the idea behind the Lidcombe Program…

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People Without Symptoms Carry Just as Much of the Coronavirus as Symptomatic People
People Without Symptoms Carry Just…

People Without Symptoms Carry Just as Much of the Coronavirus as Symptomatic People!   New findings add to the growing belief that asymptomatic carriers may potentially be able to spread the virus just as readily as those with symptoms. More research is needed to better understand how much of a role asymptomatic carriers play…

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What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or Bad for Health?
What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or…

What Is Caffeine, and Is It Good or Bad for Health? What is caffeine? Caffeine is a natural stimulant most commonly found in tea, coffee, and cacao plants. It works by stimulating the brain and central nervous system, helping you stay alert and prevent the onset of tiredness. Historians track the first brewed tea as far back…

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 Is Dyslexia a Neurological Problem?
Is Dyslexia a Neurological Problem?…

If a student without a mental problem, visual and hearing impairment is having trouble reading and reading comprehension, he/she may have Dyslexia. Dyslexia, which has a prevalence of 10-20% among students who start school, is actually a neurological problem.   The World Neurology Federation defines dyslexia as "a disorder…

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Hanen 4 “I”s to Socialize
Hanen 4 “I”s to Socialize

  Hanen education is a parent and coaching workshop. It can be applied to children with lack of social skills or autism. In this education, children are visibly improved in the field of social skills. Children’s social communication level is evaluated then the steps to be taken are determined by using this workshop.  …

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Neuroplay
Neuroplay

  Neuroplay is an innovative method developed on children with autism aged 12-42 months. This method is a play therapy-oriented education applied in order to intervene early in autism. The main purpose of this program is that autism can be overcome at an early age as a result of issues such as play therapy and family contribution.…

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Debunking Dyslexia Myths
Debunking Dyslexia Myths

Debunking Dyslexia Myths Dyslexia is a word that often stirs up fear and misunderstanding. In addition, it is awash in myths. Often, people think of a person with Dyslexia as an individual who confuses b’s and d’s or reads backwards. Others may think of a troubled reader who is confused by basic letters.  This…

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Best Toys For Speech And Language Development
Best Toys For Speech And Language Development

Best Toys For Speech And Language Development   LLA Therapy intern, Kelly Dugan, blogs about toys to promote speech and language. Simple toys can be great tools in your arsenal for bringing out language in your child. Below we highlight some examples of toys you might have laying around the house already and ways you can use…

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3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language Development in Children: Ages 0-3
3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language…

3 Tips for Promoting Speech and Language Development in Children: Ages 0-3   Ages 0-3 are critical for learning and mastering speech and language. Some babies and toddlers initiate talking earlier than others.  If you are looking to encourage speech and language in your little one, read on for easy guidelines to help…

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The Role of the Speech Pathologist in Treating a Cleft Palate
The Role of the Speech Pathologist…

The Role of the Speech Pathologist in Treating a Cleft Palate   It can be scary and heartbreaking to watch your child with a cleft palate struggle.  When treating a cleft palate, a multi-disciplinary team approach is the best way to provide the highest level of care to your child and your family. Allowing multiple…

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What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!
What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!

What to do When Your Kid is Too Loud!   All parents have experienced the desire for their child to speak in an ‘indoor voice’ when an ‘outdoor voice’ seems to be all their child wants to use.  Modulating voice is an important skill for kids to learn.  Read on for possible reasons your child may use a voice…

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Navigating Early Speech & Language Milestones: What to Expect Between Ages 2 and 3
Navigating Early Speech & Language…

Navigating Early Speech & Language Milestones: What to Expect Between Ages 2 and 3   Parents often wonder if their child’s skills are developing typically.  Between gross motor skills, fine motor skills, speech-language skills, social-emotional functioning, and overall growth, there is a lot of information to track! …

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Transcortical Sensory Aphasia
Transcortical Sensory Aphasia

Transcortical Sensory Aphasia   Transcortical Sensory Aphasia (TSA) has a lot in common with Wernicke’s aphasia. People with TSA produce connected, flowing speech. However, that speech is likely to lack meaning due to word errors and invented words.   TSA is less common than other types of aphasia, including…

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5 Fun Ways to Build Your Child’s Vocabulary During the Holidays
5 Fun Ways to Build Your Child’s…

During the holidays, children do not go to school, spend time with their families, the weather changes and everyone eats delicious food! Parents can turn these times into vocabulary learning activities and have a fun and instructive holiday with their children.   5 Fun Word Building Activities   Make Lists   Creating…

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Cerebral Palsy: Wheelchaır Posıtıonıng And Effects
Cerebral Palsy: Wheelchaır Posıtıonıng…

CEREBRAL PALSY: WHEELCHAIR POSITIONING AND EFFECTS   Often, pediatric Occupational or Physical Therapists work with children who have cerebral palsy and adaptive seating. A recent study on children with cerebral palsy, wheelchair positioning and the short term effects was published. The researchers evaluated the multidimensional…

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How VBA Helps Children With Language Deficit
How VBA Helps Children With Language…

How VBA Helps Children With Language Deficit   Verbal Behavior Analysis, or VBA, is a language intervention strategy based on the work of B.F. Skinner. An American psychologist, social philosopher, and inventor, Skinner was a leading figure in the branch of psychology known as Behaviorism. This school of psychology derives…

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Socıal Skılls, Motor Skılls And Autısm
Socıal Skılls, Motor Skılls And…

SOCIAL SKILLS, MOTOR SKILLS AND AUTISM   How are social skills, motor skills and autism associated with each other? Previous research indicates that deficits in communication, social skills and motor skills are characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.     Research Review on Social Skills, Motor…

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How To Help A Chıld Wıth Anxıety In The Classroom
How To Help A Chıld Wıth Anxıety…

  HOW TO HELP A CHILD WITH ANXIETY IN THE CLASSROOM   Do you work with children who are anxious at school or at home?  Learn how to help a child with anxiety in the classroom with these 10 interventions.  Parents and teachers can be part of the support system for a child who experiences anxiety.  …

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Signs of Reading Disability Across Grades
Signs of Reading Disability Across…

Signs of Reading Disability Across Grades     Reading Disability (also known as “Dyslexia”) is a disorder of phonology at its base.  It affects reading, writing, and sometimes other skills such as memorization of math facts and language expression.  We know that Reading Disability is persistent but also highly…

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Mental Health
Mental Health

Mental Health     Occupational therapists working in mental health help people to achieve the everyday activities that people engage in and find meaningful. They draw on a range of psychological and occupational therapy strategies to help people understand and cope with their daily function, productivity and capacity through…

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What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)?
What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication…

What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)?     PECS or Picture Exchange Communication System is an augmentative and alternative form of communication that can be used across ages and disabilities.  It teaches functional communication that is immediately useful for individuals who have either…

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Primary progressive aphasia
Primary progressive aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia     Primary progressive aphasia (uh-FAY-zhuh) is a rare nervous system (neurological) syndrome that affects your ability to communicate. People who have it can have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding or finding words. Symptoms begin gradually, often before age 65, and worsen…

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EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS – 5 WAYS FOR PEDIATRIC THERAPISTS TO HELP
EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS…

EMPOWER CHILDREN, PARENTS AND TEACHERS – 5 WAYS FOR PEDIATRIC THERAPISTS TO HELP     Pediatric therapists can help to empower children, parents and teachers. In fact, encouraging children and families to work on independence is an underlying goal for all children. Essentially, when we empower children and their support…

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Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's Disease
Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's…

Lee Silverman Voice Treatment in Parkinson's Disease     The Lee Silverman Voice Treatment is an intensive program of voice exercises for people with Parkinson's disease.1 It targets several areas where those who suffer from Parkinson's have significant problems: loudness and clarity of speech.     The…

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Public Statement - Occupational Therapy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Public Statement - Occupational Therapy…

  Public Statement - Occupational Therapy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic     The COVID-19 pandemic is having a profound impact on the lives, health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities worldwide. In occupational therapy, occupations refer to the everyday activities that people do as individuals,…

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Strategıes For Self-Care
Strategıes For Self-Care

                                STRATEGIES FOR SELF-CARE         Have you come up for air at all yet?  Back to school is such a crazy time of year.  Around here it is our busiest time of year without a doubt. …

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In Autism, Speech and Communication Are Not the Same thing
In Autism, Speech and Communication…

  In Autism, Speech and Communication Are Not the Same thing       People with autism spectrum disorders may be entirely non-verbal, they may have limited useful speech, or they may be very talkative indeed. No matter what their verbal abilities, though, almost everyone on the autism spectrum has a hard…

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Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits of Wordless Books
Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits…

  Strategies for Pre-Reading | The Benefits of Wordless Books           One of my favorite tools to use in speech therapy is a wordless book. They have endless (okay, maybe not completely endless, there is a story in those pictures) possibilities for creating, imagining, predicting, and story…

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Effectıve Collaboratıon In Schools
Effectıve Collaboratıon In Schools…

EFFECTIVE COLLABORATION IN SCHOOLS       When you work in an educational environment, a big part of the job is effective collaboration in schools.  There is collaboration between many different stakeholders such as students, parents, classroom teachers, physical educators, art teachers, music teachers, computer…

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Occupatıonal Therapy In The School Settıng Can Help Wıth Academıcs, Learnıng And Partıcıpatıon
Occupatıonal Therapy In The School…

  OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN THE SCHOOL SETTING CAN HELP WITH ACADEMICS, LEARNING AND PARTICIPATION   Recent research explored occupational therapy in the school setting and how it can help with academics, learning and participation. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy completed a systemic research review on the…

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Speech and language skills for school aged children
Speech and language skills for school…

Speech and language skills for school aged children.   In a previous post Christine talked about some of the necessary language skills for 4 – 6 year old children. These skills are also required for reading and writing. The beginning of the school year is next week!! You’ve got your child’s uniform ready, new school bags…

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Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When Your Toddler Acts Out
Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When…

Beyond Time-Outs – What to do When Your Toddler Acts Out     When your child takes the crayons out of the closet and draws on the living room walls, a common reaction would be to put him or her in time-out. After the time-out, your child goes back and draws on the walls again. What is happening? Sometimes,…

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What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?
What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?

What is Mixed Transcortical Aphasia?       Mixed Transcortical Aphasia is a type of aphasia in which repetition is the primary language ability that is present. It is an uncommon type of aphasia. Mixed transcortical aphasia has also been called isolation aphasia. It is considered a more severe form of aphasia.…

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How To Select Approprıate Toys For Young Chıldren
How To Select Approprıate Toys For…

How To Select Approprıate Toys For Young Chıldren       Did you know that the American Academy of Pediatrics recently published a report on how to select appropriate toys for young children in the digital era?  I am SO EXCITED about this report because it highlights the benefits of simple toys and…

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9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking or Singing Voice
9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking…

9 Healthy Habits to Improve Your Speaking or Singing Voice       “The human voice is the organ of the soul.” ― Henry Longfellow   Do you like the sound of your speaking or singing voice? Lifestyle choices often affect the quality of your voice. Conversely, the tone of your voice may reflect certain lifestyle…

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Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area and Speech
Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area…

Discover the Mysteries of Broca's Area and Speech     Broca's area, one of the main areas of the cerebral cortex, is responsible for producing language. This region of the brain was named for French neurosurgeon Paul Broca, who discovered the function of this area during the 1850s while examining the…

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Talking and play: school-age children
Talking and play: school-age children

                                                                              Talking and play: school-age children      …

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What is Conduction Aphasia?
What is Conduction Aphasia?

What is Conduction Aphasia?       Conduction aphasia is a type of aphasia in which the main impairment is in the inability to repeat words or phrases. Other areas of language are less impaired (or not at all). It is also known as associative aphasia. A person with conduction aphasia can usually read,…

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Kınesıo tape, balance and chıldren
Kınesıo tape, balance and chıldren…

KINESIO TAPE, BALANCE AND CHILDREN       A recent study examined the effect of Kinesio Taping (KT) effect on balance and foot arches in young people with intellectual disability. The researchers studied 30 young people with intellectual disability and flat feet.       Methodology The participants were…

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Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure Therapy
Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure…

  Helping The Anxious Child Using Exposure Therapy         Anxiety and worry serves a biological purpose. It helps protect us from potential danger by pumping our body with the chemicals and energy to fight or flight. However, sometimes children (and adults) experience anxiety over situations that pose…

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Muscle Tension Dysphonia
Muscle Tension Dysphonia

Muscle Tension Dysphonia       Understanding the Disorder     Muscle Tension Dysphonia (MTD)   The term “muscle tension dysphonia” is a general term for an imbalance in the coordination of the muscles and breathing patterns needed to create voice. This imbalance can be seen without any anatomical…

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Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development
Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development

Impact of Isolation on Childhood Development   ​   Most children, adolescents, and teens consider school, sports, and other activities their most important social platforms. Although they can connect with friends online, having access to their peers, in-person is key to building relationships.   And now that…

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Difficulty with Language Comprehension After Stroke or Brain Injury
Difficulty with Language Comprehension…

Difficulty with Language Comprehension After Stroke or Brain Injury       Language comprehension skills vary a lot from one person with aphasia to another. Some people with aphasia are able to understand spoken language with little or no difficulty. Many people are able to comprehend as long as the messages…

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Use play dough to ıncrease hand strength
Use play dough to ıncrease hand strength

  USE PLAY DOUGH TO INCREASE HAND STRENGTH     Play dough is an amazing, simple tool to help children increase muscle strength in the fingers and hands, expand creativity and encourage imagination.  Below are 10 ways to use play dough to increase hand strength.       Why Use Play Dough…

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Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will My Child’s Language Be Delayed?
Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will…

Debunking Bilingualism Myths: Will My Child’s Language Be Delayed?       Parents may wonder, what are the benefits of exposing my child to two languages? Children who are exposed to multiple languages from an early age are more likely to become bilingual, and may have greater success with second language…

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7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be Independent
7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be…

7 Life Skills Your Teen Needs to Be Independent       Just because your teen turns 18 doesn't mean they're ready to move out of the house and live on their own. Unless you've taught them the life skills necessary to live in the real world, there's a good chance they may struggle to be independent.1   In fact,…

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Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds
Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds

Developmental Milestones: 2 Year Olds     What are some of the developmental milestones my child should reach by two years of age?   Your baby enters her second year and becomes a toddler, crawling vigorously, starting to walk, even talking a little. Exploring the boundaries established by your rules and her own physical…

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Tips To Improve Transitions
Tips To Improve Transitions

  Tips To Improve Transitions     “The only constant in life is change” – Heraclitus   Does your child struggle with ending activities, trying new things, or engaging in non-preferred tasks/demands? Transitions can be difficult especially when a child is not expecting the change. Advanced preparation,…

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Helping Your Child Produce the /G/ Sound at Home
Helping Your Child Produce the /G/…

  Helping Your Child Produce the /G/ Sound at Home       It is common for young children to make certain sound substitutions as their speech and language skills are developing. One example is substituting /t/ for /k/ (e.g. saying “tar” instead of “car”); another is substituting /d/ for /g/ (e.g. saying…

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Handwrıtıng legıbılıty ın chıldren
Handwrıtıng legıbılıty ın chıldren

  HANDWRITING LEGIBILITY IN CHILDREN Even in this digital era, handwriting continues to be an important skill for children to master.  When a student’s handwriting is not legible, it can be a struggle for the student and the teacher.  Pediatric Occupational Therapists, parents, and teachers can encourage handwriting…

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Should children do chores? yes and here is why
Should children do chores? yes and…

  SHOULD CHILDREN DO CHORES? YES AND HERE IS WHY     Should children do chores? Heck yes!  In fact, it should be on the top of the list. Performing chores teaches children important life skills.  As parents and teachers, it can be super hard to stand by sometimes while children learn how to help at…

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Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood Apraxia of Speech
Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood…

Phonological Process Disorder vs. Childhood Apraxia of Speech   A phonological process disorder and Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) are two speech disorders that affect your child’s intelligibility and in some cases, can present similarly. However, characteristics of these two are different.     Phonological…

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How To Help Your Child Find The Right Friends
How To Help Your Child Find The Right…

How To Help Your Child Find The Right Friends   Helping children navigate their social environment can be challenging terms of developing self-initiation, advocacy, and flexibility skills. What is your role as a parent in facilitating the development of your child’s new friendships?     How to Help Your Child Find…

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Primary progressive aphasia
Primary progressive aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia     Primary progressive aphasia (uh-FAY-zhuh) is a rare nervous system (neurological) syndrome that affects your ability to communicate. People who have it can have trouble expressing their thoughts and understanding or finding words.   Symptoms begin gradually, often before age 65, and…

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How does physical development affect Learning?
How does physical development affect…

  HOW DOES PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AFFECT LEARNING?   Most school staff are already aware of the physical benefits of exercise, such as strengthening of the heart and lungs, preventing weight gain, healthy bones, good posture and more. However, many are not aware of the potential brain-boosting benefits of physical activity…

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How To Increase Home Exercıse Program Complıance
How To Increase Home Exercıse Program…

HOME EXERCISE PROGRAMS   HOW TO INCREASE HOME EXERCISE PROGRAM COMPLIANCE   How to increase home exercise program compliance for parents of children with disabilities can be a tough question to answer. Parents have a particularly tough job today.  Juggling work, home life, children’s schedules, homework assignments…

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HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS WITH DYSGRAPHIA?
HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS…

HOW CAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY HELP STUDENTS WITH DYSGRAPHIA?     Are you a teacher who has students with dysgraphia?  Perhaps you are an Occupational Therapist who receives referrals for students with dysgraphia?  Maybe you are a parent wondering how can occupational therapy help students with dysgraphia? …

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES – TIPS FOR INCLUSION SPORTS
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH…

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES – TIPS FOR INCLUSION SPORTS   Many of us are aware of the importance of physical activity for children with disabilities.  Unfortunately, research indicates that persons with disabilities frequently join inclusive sports but do not continue with inclusion…

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EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SAY?
EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE…

ADHD EXERCISE AND ADHD – WHAT DOES THE RESEARCH SAY?   There has been many studies on exercise and ADHD that indicate a possible beneficial effect on functional outcomes for children with ADHD. A recent meta-analysis research study was completed and published in the Journal of Attention Disorders.     Results of…

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How To Help Children With Low Muscle Tone
How To Help Children With Low Muscle…

HOW TO HELP CHILDREN WITH LOW MUSCLE TONE   If you are a parent or teacher, you might wonder how to help children with low muscle tone.  As pediatric therapists, we often work with children who have hypotonia or low muscle tone.  Children who have low muscle tone may receive direct occupational or physical therapy…

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5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist Can Help a Child with Autism
5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist…

5 Ways a Speech Language Pathologist Can Help a Child with Autism   in Autism, Behavior, Diagnostics, Feeding, Living Skills, Neuropsychology, Parenting, Speech and Language /by Kate Connolly   Having a child receive a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder can…

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 Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language Development
Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language…

  Holiday Cooking for Speech and Language Development     Ready or not, the holidays are right around the corner! This means family, fun, vacations, and a lot of free time. And let’s face it; you’ll most likely have a lot of cooking to do. So, why not have your kids help you, while you help them by making cooking…

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10 Tips to Support Children with Language Processing Delays
10 Tips to Support Children with Language…

Once children receive a diagnosis of a language delay or learning disability, they often discover that they have 'processing delays' as well. What does “processing delay” mean? This term refers to the time it takes for the child to process information from text, from the oral information or to decipher vocabulary. They often…

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Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social Skills
Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social…

Tips for Improving Your Child’s Social Skills   in Autism, Behavior, Development, Education, High School, How To, Mental Health, Middle School, Parenting, Social Work, Speech and Language, Teens /by Jaclyn Schneider   Why don’t they just get it?…

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3 Behavıors Lınked To Hıgher Mental Abılıty In Chıldren
3 Behavıors Lınked To Hıgher Mental…

3 BEHAVIORS LINKED TO HIGHER MENTAL ABILITY IN CHILDREN   Parents play a key role in supporting children to maximize their potential at school.  As we all know, what goes on in the home greatly affects what goes on at school and vice versa.  Recent research on over 4000 children and adolescents in the United States,…

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How to improve fokucs and memory in children
How to improve fokucs and memory in…

HOW TO IMPROVE FOCUS AND MEMORY IN CHILDREN   Do you work with students who struggle to maintain focus and find memory tasks difficult?  Are you in search of ideas of how to improve focus and memory in children?  Here are several strategies to help children.   Ideas for How To Improve Focus Classrooms are busy…

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Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red Flags for Toddlers and Preschoolers
Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red…

Social-Emotional and Behavioral Red Flags for Toddlers and Preschoolers   in Behavior, Birth-3, Mental Health, Parenting, Preschool, Social Work, SOCIAL WORK/MENTAL HEALTH, Specialties and Services /by Rebecca Kieffer   It might be hard to imagine what mental health concerns…

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3 Strategıes To Help Wıth Anxıety In Chıldren
3 Strategıes To Help Wıth Anxıety…

3 STRATEGIES TO HELP WITH ANXIETY IN CHILDREN   Anxiety can be very difficult for children resulting in considerable stress with negative consequences on daily living skills. There are many strategies to help with anxiety in children.  Many children with co-morbid conditions such as autism spectrum disorder or intellectual…

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Broca's Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia

Broca’s aphasia is a form of aphasia in which the person knows what they want to say but is unable to produce the words or sentence. It is also known as non-fluent aphasia and expressive aphasia, and severity can range from mild to severe. People with Broca’s aphasia are typically aware of their communication…

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5 Warning Signs That Your Toddler May Need Speech-Language Therapy
5 Warning Signs That Your Toddler May…

  It is such an exciting time when children are first acquiring words; they can begin to express wants and needs, communicate with parents, and begin to label objects in sight. Most children will begin to speak their first words around 1 year of age, but what happens if they don’t?   Don’t panic—children progress…

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Improving Self Esteem
Improving Self Esteem

Teachers have long known that when students feel good about themselves, they are able to achieve more in the classroom. Think about yourself: the more confident you are, the more capable you feel, no matter the task. When a child feels capable and sure of themselves, they are easier to motivate and more likely…

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How to Talk to Kids About Race and Cultural Diversity
How to Talk to Kids About Race and…

Racial and cultural diversity is an excellent topic to teach grade-school-age children. Grade-schoolers are forming lots of opinions about themselves and the people around them. This is when their natural curiosity about differences in appearance and cultural backgrounds really begins to come into play. Children who are grade-school…

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Academic And Personal Behaviors Necessary For Student Success
Academic And Personal Behaviors Necessary…

There are many academic and personal behaviors necessary for student success that teachers instill in their students. Doing well in school is not all about good grades. Students need foundational skills in order to be successful students. Some examples are persistence, engagement, work habits, organizational skills, communication,…

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Causes of autism spectrum disorder
Causes of autism spectrum disorder

Key points There is no single, known cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). But it’s clear that what parents do or don’t do doesn’t cause ASD in children. Causes of ASD might include genes, brain development, family history and other factors.   What causes autism spectrum disorder? We don’t know exactly what causes autism…

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How To Increase Parent Involvement At School
How To Increase Parent Involvement…

Do you struggle with figuring out how to increase parent involvement at school?  It can be difficult for school-based therapists, teachers and other staff to reach out to parents during the hectic school day.   Parents are an integral part of the special education team. They know the most about their children’s…

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Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices
Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices

Treating Aphasia Through AAC Devices Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) often recommend an AAC or speech-generating device to individuals with moderate to severe aphasia. Although the benefits of these devices are well established, individuals and caregivers often draw their own conclusions without consulting the SLP.…

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AAC: Speech Devices for Autism
AAC: Speech Devices for Autism

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/aac-speech-devices-for-autism-north-shore-pediatric-therapy/

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Mindful Breathing For Kids
Mindful Breathing For Kids

https://www.yourtherapysource.com/blog1/2019/08/01/mindful-breathing-for-kids-2/

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School Readiness: What Does it Take for Your Child to Succeed in School?
School Readiness: What Does it Take…

https://www.nspt4kids.com/parenting/school-readiness-what-does-it-take-for-your-child-to-succeed-in-school-north-shore-pediatric-therapy/

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How To Help Children With Body Mapping
How To Help Children With Body Mapping

https://www.yourtherapysource.com/blog1/2019/12/19/body-mapping-occupational-therapy/

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Bayley Scales Test for Infant and Toddler Development
Bayley Scales Test for Infant and Toddler…

https://www.verywellfamily.com/bayley-scales-test-early-development-2162363

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What is a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP)?
What is a Speech-Language Pathologist…

https://www.aphasia.com/caregiver/your-healthcare-team/speech-language-pathologists/

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